2013年7月2日 星期二

Karl Habsburg. Kenneth Minogue

The Man Who Dissected 'The Liberal Mind'
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kenneth Minogue, c. 1980s
Kenneth Robert Minogue (September 11, 1930–June 28, 2013) was an Australian political theorist who was Emeritus Professor of Political Science and Honorary Fellow at the London School of Economics.[1][2][3]


Kenneth Minogue was born on September 11, 1930 in New Zealand.[3] He was educated in Australia.[3][4]
He attended Sydney Boys High School, graduating in 1946.[5] From 1955 to 1956, he taught at the University of Exeter, and from 1959 taught at the London School of Economics.[1] He wrote academic essays and books on a great range of problems in political theory. He edited and introduced the Everyman's Library reedition of Hobbes' Leviathan[4] and was a columnist for The Times and The Times Higher Education Supplement,[4] and contributed to The New Criterion and Daily Mail.[3][6] In 1976, he issued a report to modernize Shiraz University in Iran.[4] In 1986, he presented a six-part television program on Channel 4 about free market economics called The New Enlightenment.[4] He was Senior Research Fellow with the Social Affairs Unit in London.[4] He wrote a study on Maori-Pākehā relations (the latter is the Maori term for New Zealanders of European descent) for the New Zealand Business Roundtable which was published in 1998 published as Waitangi Morality Reality.[7]
From 1991 to 1993, he was Chairman of the euro-sceptic Bruges Group.[1][4] From 2000, he was a trustee of Civitas.[1] He served as President of the Mont Pelerin Society from 2010.[1] In 2003, he received the Centenary Medal from the Australian government.[1] He was also involved with the Centre for Policy Studies and the European Foundation.[1]


  • The Liberal Mind (1963)
  • Nationalism (1967)
  • The Concept of a University (1974)
  • Contemporary Political Philosophers (1976)
  • Alien Powers: The Pure Theory of Ideology (1985)
  • Thatcherism: Personality and Politics (ed, 1987)
  • Politics: A Very Short Introduction (1995)
  • Conservative Realism: New Essays in Conservatism (ed, 1996)
  • The Silencing of Society (1997)
  • Waitangi Morality Reality (1998)
  • The Servile Mind: How Democracy Erodes the Moral Life (2010)

奧匈帝國末代皇帝卡爾·哈布斯堡(Karl Habsburg)的長子奧托·馮·哈布斯堡(Otto von Habsburg)今天(7月4日)早晨逝世,享年98歲。據他的一名助手向德新社表示,哈布斯堡是在他位於德國巴伐利亞州斯塔恩貝格湖(Starnberger See)畔小鎮波京(Pocking)的家中“安詳辭世”的。奧托·馮·哈布斯堡生前曾長期擔任歐盟議會議員,並是國際泛歐聯盟榮譽主席。歐盟委員會主席巴羅佐發表聲明稱,奧托·馮·哈布斯堡是一位“偉大的歐洲人”。歐盟議會前議長、德國阿登納基金會現任主席波特林(Hans-Gert Pöttering)稱,奧托·馮·哈布斯堡屬於現時代最不同尋常的人,為消除歐洲分裂作出了不可磨滅的貢獻,在歐洲面臨巨大挑戰的今天,他對歐洲必須統一的不可動搖的信念仍是一種警示。

Karl von Habsburg or Karl Habsburg-Lothringen (born 11 January 1961), also known as Archduke Karl of Austria,[1] is an Austrian politician and the current Head of the House of Habsburg. Born in Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany, he is the son of Otto von Habsburg and Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen, and the grandson of the last Austrian emperor, Charles I.

Political career

Since 1986, von Habsburg has been president of the Austrian branch of the Paneuropean Union. After studying law for 12 years, in 1992/1993 he temporarily had a TV game show with Austrian public TV broadcaster ORF, called Who is Who.[2][3] In October 1996, he was elected to the European Parliament for the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP). Two years later, it emerged that the ÖVP's election campaign had benefitted from 30,000 Euros of World Vision donation money via Paneurope Austria while von Habsburg sat on the board of World Vision Austria, apparently without noticing the director's dubious activities.[4] His father exacerbated the situation when he complained that his son was being attacked unfairly and drew a parallel between the name "Habsburg" and a yellow badge.[4] ÖVP did not nominate von Habsburg again for the 1999 elections.[5][2] In 2004, von Habsburg paid 37,000 Euros to the new World Vision Austria branch.[5]
On 19 January 2002, he was appointed Director General of UNPO (Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization) by the UNPO Steering Committee.[6] Since 7 December 2008, he is the President of the Association of National Committees of the Blue Shield.[7]

House of Habsburg

Austrian Imperial Family
Wappen Kaisertum Österreich 1815 (Klein).png
HI&RH Archduke Karl
HI&RH Archduchess Francesca

HI&RH The Crown Prince

v · d · e
In 2005, von Habsburg filed an unsuccessful suit before Austria's constitutional court after a failed attempt to have former properties of the Habsburg family returned. The family had been expropriated by the First Republic, this had in part been reverted under Austrofascism, and then the Nazis had expropriated them again. The family now tried to get their former property returned under rules for victims of the Nazi regime. The attempt failed because the expropriation still has constitutional rank.[8]
On 1 January 2007, his father, Otto von Habsburg, relinquished his status as the Head of the House of Habsburg, a status which then devolved on Karl.[9]
Von Habsburg's full legal name in Austria is Karl Thomas Robert Maria Franziskus Georg Bahnam Habsburg-Lothringen. All noble, royal, and imperial titles are illegal in Austria and in Hungary, and the family does not use them.[fn 1]

Business career

Von Habsburg is one of the three co-founders of BG Privatinvest, a Vienna-based investment company. In December 2010 the company acquired the two most important Bulgarian daily newspapers, Dneven Trud and 24 Chasa.[10] After ongoing conflicts with Bulgarian partners, BG Privatinvest sold the newspapers in April 2011.[11]

Private life

Von Habsburg has lived in Salzburg, Austria, since 1981. He resides in Casa Austria, formerly called Villa Swoboda, in Anif, near the city of Salzburg.[12]
On 31 January 1993, he married Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza, the only daughter of Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, a European industrialist and his second wife, Fiona Campbell Walter. Karl and Francesca have three children:
  • Eleonore Jelena Maria del Pilar Iona, born 28 February 1994 in Salzburg
  • Ferdinand Zvonimir Maria Balthus Keith Michal Otto Antal Bahnam Leonhard, born 21 June 1997 in Salzburg
  • Gloria Maria Bogdana Paloma Regina Fiona Gabriela, born 15 October 1999 in Salzburg; her godmother is Gloria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis.[13]
Karl and Francesca separated in 2003.[14]
In July 1998 an Austrian court fined von Habsburg 180,000 schillings ($14,300); he had failed to declare immediately to customs officials that he had an antique diadem in his luggage when he crossed the border from Switzerland in July 1996.[15] The diadem belonged to his wife who intended to wear it at a wedding ceremony.