2012年9月3日 星期一

文鮮明 The Rev. Sun Myung Moon

 

 Sun Myung Moon leaves controversial legacy

 子女爭產......

 

Unification Church Founder Rev. Moon Dies at 92


The Rev. Sun Myung Moon was a self-proclaimed messiah who built a global business empire. He called both North Korean leaders and American presidents his friends, but spent time in prisons in both countries. His followers around the world cherished him, while his detractors accused him of brainwashing recruits and extracting money from worshippers.
These contradictions did nothing to stop the founder of the Unification Church from turning his religious vision into a worldwide movement and a multibillion-dollar corporation stretching from the Korean Peninsula to the United States.

Moon died Monday at a church-owned hospital near his home in Gapyeong County, northeast of Seoul, two weeks after being hospitalized with pneumonia, Unification Church spokesman Ahn Ho-yeul told The Associated Press. Moon's wife and children were at his side, Ahn said. He was 92.

The church will hold a 13-day mourning period beginning Monday and start accepting mourners Thursday at a multipurpose gym at its nearby religious center, the church said in a statement. The funeral will be held Sept. 15, and Moon will be buried at nearby Cheonseung Mountain, where his home is located, the statement said.
Moon founded his Bible-based religion in Seoul in 1954, a year after the Korean War ended, saying Jesus Christ personally called on him to complete his work.
Obit Sun Myung Moon.JPEG
AP
FILE - In this Saturday, June 25, 2005 file... View Full Caption
The church gained fame — and notoriety — by marrying thousands of followers in mass ceremonies presided over by Moon himself. The couples often came from different countries and had never met, but were matched up by Moon in a bid to build a multicultural religious world.

Today, the Unification Church has 3 million followers, including 100,000 members in the U.S., and has sent missionaries to 194 countries, Ahn said. But ex-members and critics say the figure is actually no more than 100,000 members worldwide.
The church's holdings include the Washington Times newspaper; the New Yorker Hotel, a midtown Manhattan art deco landmark; and a seafood distribution firm that supplies sushi to Japanese restaurants across the U.S. It gave the University of Bridgeport $110 million over more than a decade to keep the Connecticut school operating.
It acquired a ski resort, a professional football team and other businesses in South Korea. It also operates a foreign-owned luxury hotel in North Korea and jointly operates a fledgling North Korean automaker.

The church has been accused of using devious recruitment tactics and duping followers out of money. Parents of followers in the United States and elsewhere have expressed worries that their children were brainwashed into joining. The church has pointed out that many new religious movements faced similar accusations in their early years. Moon's followers were often called "Moonies," a term many found pejorative.
Moon was born in 1920 in a rural part of what is today North Korea. He said he was 16 when Jesus Christ first appeared to him and told him to finish the work he had begun on Earth 2,000 years earlier. Moon, who tried to preach the gospel in the North, was imprisoned there in the late 1940s for alleged spying for South Korea; he disputed the charge.
When the Korean War broke out in 1950, he went to South Korea. After divorcing his first wife, he married Hak Ja Han Moon in 1960. They have 10 surviving sons and daughters, according to the church.

In South Korea, Moon quickly drew young acolytes to his conservative, family-oriented value system and unusual interpretation of the Bible. He conducted his first mass wedding in Seoul in the early 1960s, and the "blessing ceremonies" grew in scale over the years. A 1982 wedding at New York's Madison Square Garden — the first outside South Korea — drew thousands of participants.

"International and intercultural marriages are the quickest way to bring about an ideal world of peace," Moon said in a 2009 autobiography. "People should marry across national and cultural boundaries with people from countries they consider to be their enemies so that the world of peace can come that much more quickly."

Moon began building a relationship with North Korea in 1991, even meeting with the country's founder, Kim Il Sung, in the eastern North Korean port city of Hamhung. In his autobiography, Moon said he urged Kim to give up his nuclear ambitions, and that Kim responded by saying that his atomic program was for peaceful purposes and he had no intention to use it to "kill my own people."

"The two of us were able to communicate well about our shared hobbies of hunting and fishing," Moon wrote. "At one point, we each felt we had so much to say to the other that we just started talking like old friends meeting after a long separation."

Obit Sun Myung Moon.JPEG
AP
FILE - In this Saturday, Nov. 29, 1997 file... View Full Caption
 
When Kim died in 1994, Moon sent a condolence delegation to North Korea, drawing criticism from conservatives at home. The late Kim Jong Il, who succeeded his father as North Korean leader, sent roses, prized wild ginseng, Rolex watches and other gifts to Moon on his birthday each year. Moon said Kim Il Sung had instructed Kim Jong Il that "after I die, if there are things to discuss pertaining to North-South relations, you must always seek the advice of President Moon."

The church also sent a delegation to pay its respects after Kim Jong Il died in December and was succeeded by his son Kim Jong Un.

Moon sought and eventually developed a good relationship with conservative American leaders such as former Presidents Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush.
Yet he also served 13 months at a U.S. federal prison in the mid-1980s after a New York City jury convicted him of filing false tax returns. The church says the U.S. government persecuted Moon because of his growing influence and popularity with young Americans.
One of the more bizarre chapters in Moon's relationship with Washington came in 2004, when more than a dozen U.S. lawmakers attended a "coronation ceremony" for Moon and his wife in which Moon declared himself humanity's savior and said his teachings have helped Hitler and Stalin be "reborn as new persons." Some of the congressmen later said they had been misled and hadn't been aware that Moon would be at the event.

In later years, the church adopted a lower profile in the United States and focused on building up its businesses. Moon lived for more than 30 years in the United States, the church said.
As he grew older, Moon also handed over day-to-day control of his empire to his children, but in 2009 he married 45,000 people in simultaneous ceremonies worldwide in his first large-scale mass wedding in years, the church said. Some were newlyweds and others reaffirmed past vows.

文鮮明문선명,1920年2月25日-2012年9月3日),本名文龍明韓國新興宗教統一教創始人暨教主。

目錄

生平

文鮮明出生於平安北道一個傳統家庭,10歲時全家皈依基督教。文鮮明自稱15歲時登一座小山時受到了「耶穌」的啟示,從此立志拯救全人類。文鮮明還將名字從「龍明」改成「鮮明」,自稱將使世界變得「鮮明」。
二戰期間,文鮮明在首爾的首爾商工業職業學校畢業後,赴日本早稻田大學附屬工業高等專門學校學習電子工程,戰後回到家鄉傳教。1946年,文鮮明被朝鮮官員逮捕,受到毒打,幸而被一位信徒救回。1948年,文鮮明再次被逮捕,被送往興南監獄集中營接受勞改,瀕臨死亡。1950年韓戰爆發,聯合國軍佔領了該集中營,文鮮明便乘機逃往韓國
1960年韓鶴子女士結婚,稱為聖婚.其後舉行了無數對的祝福配對儀式,外界稱為集團結婚.該教會會員稱為祝福儀式.宗旨是建立在神之下的真實的理想家庭,倡導真愛,不淫亂,為他人而活的利他主義。
1954年5月1日,文鮮明在韓國註冊成立統一教(世界基督教統一神靈協會)。
1971年,文鮮明為了宣傳「神」的旨意而移居美國。在美國,對於統一教的爭議於1976年達到頂點,其後隨著其教眾逐漸融入美國社會而漸漸平息。
1982年創辦右翼報紙《華盛頓時報》(The Washington Times),對當時的冷戰局勢有關鍵性的影響,間接導致蘇聯瓦解.

著作

目前出版的相關書籍約有300多冊,較為重要的有原理講論天聖經和平神經

國際對文鮮明的反面觀點

美國

由於謊報聯邦所得稅回歸的問題,已經被美國人民視為濫用基督教權力的牧師 關於前述「所得稅回歸」問題的事實真相,說明如下:文鮮明到美國定居的第一年,仿照當時美國宗教團體的習慣[來源請求], 將宗教活動基金以負責人名義存到銀行帳戶,三年後,紐約檢察廳以未申報「利息所得稅」為由起訴文鮮明牧師,當時到德國宣教的文鮮明牧師主動返回美國接受調 查,1984年7月20日文鮮明入獄。文鮮明牧師的入獄,引起美國宗教界的震動,7千多名各宗教的神職人員,發起拯救文鮮明牧師的運動。文鮮明牧師在入獄 13個月後出獄,一千七百餘名猶太教拉比及基督教牧師為文鮮明舉行晚宴祝賀,之後組成美國神職者聯合會,展開超宗教超教派信仰運動與和平運動。
美國記者皮特·馬司批評過文鮮明的生活太過奢華,不像是一位牧師該有的行為以及榜樣。

歐洲

由於統一教歐洲產生不少問題,在2002年開始,文鮮明已被德國以及其中十四個申根公約歐洲國家禁止入境。2007年禁令解除。

猶太人大屠殺的問題

文鮮明在新聞上表示由於猶太人不支持耶穌,才會在第二次世界大戰德國人送到集中營判死刑。因此受到猶太人以及其他人的反面批評。

家庭

文鮮明與韓鶴子育有13名子女,其中五名為哈佛大學畢業。
子女分別為:文孝進、文仁進、文善進、文興進、文顯進、文國進、文權進、文榮進、文亨進、文情進
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