2017年7月16日 星期日

Ram Nath Kovind, Mikhail Gorbachev



"Indeed, the People Magazine–style coverage he gleans in this country could hardly prepare one for the idea of Mikhail Gorbachev as a 21st-century dyed-in-the-wool social democrat. Nor would one guess that he finds himself returning to the Soviet Union’s first leader, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, 'again and again, as a politician and thinker deserving of his place in history.' Referring to Lenin’s last writings from the early 1920s, generally suppressed in the Soviet Union and little known in this country, Gorbachev tells us that the leader’s 'comments on the need for "a fundamental change of our entire point of view about socialism," as well as his words about a transition from the earlier, revolutionary approach to "a completely different, reformist way forward" had a profound impact on me.'"
Ram Nath Kovind, a member of India’s poorest and most oppressed caste, is expected to be elected president.
Ram Nath Kovind, nominee of Narendra Modi’s party, is from dalit…
THEGUARDIAN.COM


Ram Nath Kovind - Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ram_Nath_Kovind
Ram Nath Kovind (born 1 October 1945) is an Indian politician and the NDA candidate for President of India in the 2017 election. Kovind is a Dalit leader and ...


Tom Gallagher appreciates “The New Russia,” a political autobiography by Mikhail Gorbachev.
LAREVIEWOFBOOKS.ORG






Gorbachev, Mikhail (1931-) Soviet statesman, and General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985-91) and President (1988-91). His foreign policy brought about an end to the Cold War, while within the USSR he introduced major reforms known as glasnost and perestroika. He resigned following an attempted coup. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990.


戈爾巴喬夫期盼俄羅斯出現新民主運動
莫斯科諾貝爾和平獎得主、前蘇聯領導人戈爾巴喬夫期待俄羅斯出現一場新民主運動。戈爾巴喬夫週三(8月17日)在莫斯科表示,俄羅斯在很多方面依然生活在前蘇聯獨裁者斯大林時代的舊體制中。他同時要求改革普京總理和梅德韋傑夫總統領導的現行權力機器。現年80歲的戈爾巴喬夫稱,“必須更新最高領導層”。這位前蘇聯總統是在共產黨人發動的莫斯科政變20週年紀念日即將到來之前舉行的記者會上表達上述立場的。 1991年8月19日,不滿戈爾巴喬夫的公開化和改革政策的共產黨人在莫斯科發動政變,戈爾巴喬夫當時正在克里姆半島度假。隨著時任俄羅斯總統葉利欽粉碎政變,戈爾巴喬夫的政治生涯也在原則上告終。公開化和改革政策導致了前蘇聯的最終解體,並促成了前東德出現歷史性巨變和柏林牆的倒塌。
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