2018年7月8日 星期日

Sir Arthur Evans 1851~1941,Marsha Hunt



NPR

Hunt lost her career over a matter of principle. In the late 1940s, she publicly supported a group of writers, directors and producers who'd been accused of being communists and were called to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee.


NPR.ORG
Actress Marsha Hunt, 100, Has Matters Of Principle
Born in 1917, she was part of Hollywood's golden age and a survivor of its McCarthy-era blacklist — and emerged on the other side as a humanitarian activist.



Marsha Hunt (actress, born 1917) - Wikipedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marsha_Hunt_(actress,_born_1917)
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Marsha Hunt is a retired American actress, model, and activist. She was blacklisted by Hollywood film studio executives in the 1950s during the McCarthyism. During her career spanning 73 years, she appeared in many popular films ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marsha_Hunt_(actress,_born_1917)

Ashmolean Museum

Archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans, best known for his excavations at Knossos in Crete, was born #onthisday in 1851.
Evans was Keeper of the Ashmolean from 1884-1908, and his ambition to make the museum a centre for archaeology resulted in thousands of new acquisitions and a new department for antiquities. The Ashmolean's Aegean collection holds around 10,000 objects and is the largest and most comprehensive outside Greece.
Here is a selection of objects from the Sir Arthur Evans Archive, and a photo of our Aegean World gallery today.


希臘克諾索斯米諾斯王宮內的阿瑟·埃文斯銅像
阿瑟·埃文斯英語:Arthur Evans,1851年7月8日-1941年7月11日),英國考古學家

生平[編輯]

他從父親那裡繼承了對考古學的熱情,從哥廷根大學畢業後就參與了考古活動。1884年—1908年他擔任阿什莫爾博物館的館長。1911年受封爵士。
他的最大成就是對米諾斯文明的考察,並總結在四卷本的The Palace of Minos at Knossos(1921–1935)中。他對線形文字A線形文字B的解讀也做出了很大的貢獻。


Sir
Arthur Evans
FRS FREng
Sir Arthur John Evans.jpg
Born8 July 1851
Nash Mills, England
Died11 July 1941 (aged 90)
Youlbury, England
NationalityBritish
Alma materUniversity of Oxford
Known forExcavations at Knossos; developing the concept of Minoan civilization
AwardsFellow of the Royal Society,[1]knighted 1911
Scientific career
FieldsArchaeology, museum management, journalism, statesmanship, philanthropy
InstitutionsAshmolean Museum
InfluencesJohn Evans
Heinrich Schliemann
Edward Augustus Freeman
William Gladstone
InfluencedV. Gordon Childe; all archaeologists and historians of the ancient Aegean region
Sir Arthur John Evans FRS FBA FREng[1][2] (8 July 1851 – 11 July 1941) was an English archaeologist and pioneer in the study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age. He is most famous for unearthing the palace of Knossos on the Greek island of Crete. Evans continued Heinrich Schliemann's concept of a Mycenaean civilization, but found that he needed to distinguish another civilization, the Minoan, from the structures and artifacts found there and throughout the eastern Mediterranean.[3] Evans was also the first to define Cretan scripts Linear A and Linear B, as well as an earlier pictographic writing.
Although not a professional statesman or soldier, and probably never a paid agent of the government, he nevertheless negotiated or played a role in negotiating unofficially with foreign powers in the Balkans and Middle East. He was, on request of the revolutionary organizations of the peoples of the Balkans, a significant player in the formation of the nation of Yugoslavia.
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