2011年4月23日 星期六

Norio Ohga (大賀 典雄)

他的書台灣也有翻譯

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從音樂家成為索尼公司前總裁、並領導開發CD和MD唱片的大賀典雄在東京病逝,享年81歲。

他於日本時間4月23日在東京都醫院因器官衰竭病逝。

大賀典雄1930年生於日本,1953年畢業於東京音樂和藝術大學,曾希望成為職業音樂家,以男中音參加各種演藝活動。

他在大學時期就因為自己在音響電子技術方面的知識受到了索尼公司的創始人井深大和盛田昭夫的賞識。

29歲時,他應盛田昭夫的一再邀請加盟索尼,擔任專業產品部門的總經理。34歲即成為索尼公司董事。

他於1982至1995年期間擔任索尼社長。

其間他領導索尼公司在推廣模擬記錄媒體和開發數字記錄媒體方面成為媒體先鋒,開發了CD,隨聲聽,MD等流行的新產品。

同時,索尼也不斷研製開發了一系列領導潮流的遊戲機。

其間索尼還收購美國哥倫比亞電影公司。

大賀典雄1995年辭去社長一職後,一直擔任索尼公司主席和總裁,在去世前仍是索尼公司顧問。

他還是東京交響樂團的主席和指揮家,指揮過柏林愛樂樂團、維也納愛樂樂團等世界著名交響樂團。


Norio Ohga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

- [ 翻譯這個網頁 ]
Norio Ohga (大賀 典雄, Ōga Norio, otherwise spelled Norio Oga, January 29, 1930, Numazu, Shizuoka – April 23, 2011, Tokyo) was an executive at and later the ...

Former Sony Chairman Dies


TOKYO—Former Sony Corp. President and Chairman Norio Ohga, who spearheaded the development of the world's first compact disc and oversaw the conglomerate's evolution from manufacturing consumer electronics into creating music, movies and videogames, died of multiple organ failure on Saturday, the company said. He was 81.

During his 13-year tenure as Sony's president until 1995, Mr. Ohga approved the company's acquisition of Columbia Pictures in 1989, the biggest purchase ever by a Japanese company at the time. He also signed off on the creation of Sony's PlayStation unit in the early 1990s, which has become one of the company's biggest businesses over the last two decades.

"It is no exaggeration to attribute Sony's evolution beyond audio and video products into music, movies and game, and subsequent transformation into a global entertainment leader to Ohga-san's foresight and vision," said Sony Chief Executive Howard Stringer in a statement.

Mr. Ohga first encountered Sony's predecessor, Tokyo TelecommunicationsEngineering Corp., as a student when he complained about a product to the company's management. His insight impressed Sony's founders, Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka, and, in 1953, he became an adviser and consultant to Tokyo Telecommunications, which would later be renamed Sony. Trained as a professional opera singer, Mr. Ohga decided to join Sony full time in 1959.

Music would remain a major theme of his professional life. He was a key executive in the development and running of Sony's music business from its early joint venture with, and then ultimately its acquisition of, CBS Records Inc.

His team at Sony commercialized the world's first compact disc in 1982, pushing for storage capacity to store 75 minutes of music. The establishment of the CD format opened the door for future optical disc standards such as DVDs.

He stepped down as president to become chairman in 1995. He would remain chairman until 2003, and he was a senior adviser at the company for the last five years.

Write to Daisuke Wakabayashi at Daisuke.Wakabayashi@wsj.com

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