2016年1月8日 星期五

Fred L. Turner (1933-2013). Ri Chun-hee


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Fred Turner, the affable, self-effacing and exacting man who went from college dropout to Mr McDonald’s, died on this day in 2013
Fred特納, 可愛的, 自我effacing和謹慎的人從大學退學生先生, 麥當勞, 死在這一天在2013

Fred Turner, the man who made McDonald’s, died on January 7th, aged 80
ECON.ST

Frederick Leo "Fred" Turner (January 6, 1933 – January 7, 2013) was an American restaurant industry executive, chair and CEO of McDonald's.[1] He is credited with helping to massively expand McDonald's, introducing new meals and setting service standards for the company and its employees.[2]

Early life[edit]

Turner grew up in Des Moines and Chicago, and graduated from Drake University in 1954.
After college, he served in the US Army.[3]

Career[edit]

Turner began his career at McDonald's in 1956 as a grill operator, and quickly rose through the ranks. He was named Operations Vice President in 1958, when the firm had only 34 employees.[2] In that role, he established strict guidelines for how McDonald's hamburgers and other products had to be served - including that fries "had to be precisely 0.28 inches thick",[2] and that "exactly ten patties had to be formed from each pound of beef".[2] "Quality, Service and Cleanliness" became his motto.[2] He became Executive Vice President in 1967, then President and Chief Administrative Officer in 1968. He replaced Ray Kroc as Chairman in 1977, then was named Senior Chairman upon Kroc's death. Under Turner, McDonald's expanded its operations to 118 countries, with over 31,000 outlets, and more than a billion hamburgers had been sold.[2]
He retired in 2004, after which he served as Honorary Chairman.
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