2016年12月21日 星期三

李昌霖;Christine Lagarde 拉加德


台灣麥當勞易主有譜:李昌霖
繼馬來西亞麥當勞易主,台灣的新主也呼之欲出!
注意民眾的期待。

【林海、朱正庭╱台北報導】台灣速食業龍頭麥當勞易主有譜!在仰德集團第3代少東、國賓飯店總經理李昌霖主導下,將以個人及家族資金3億美元(約96億元台幣),吃下麥當勞20年品牌授權及旗下資產,最快明年農曆年前後簽約。對麥當勞即將易主,消費者說誰接都好,「最重要的就是不要漲價」。
麥當勞1984年進駐台灣,當時由企業家兄弟孫大強、孫大偉等人代理引進,而後由美國麥當勞直接接手經營至今,現有門市398家,多為直營店,是台灣店數最多的連鎖速食業者。 

美方曾開價300億

為改善財務體質,美國麥當勞總部近年相繼宣布有意淡出中、日市場,擬從直營轉為加盟代理模式,台灣受波及。去年6月時,傳出300億元天價兜售台灣麥當勞,當時外界就曾點名仰德集團、統一、義美等本土企業,但都因價格太高嚇跑買家。
最新一期《壹週刊》報導,台灣麥當勞出售案由新加坡渣打銀行負責篩選,第一輪名單中,統一、義美都在其中,但統一因旗下有星巴克咖啡,被視為是競爭對手而出局,義美則因對經營麥當勞興趣缺缺,僅剩仰德集團最符合條件。 

李昌霖明年簽約

至於為何談了1年半還沒定案?據了解,因雙方簽有保密協定,因此即使面對媒體多次詢問,國賓與仰德集團均矢口否認。即使到今年11月,國賓主管還堅稱:「沒接觸麥當勞任何相關人員。」
不過,李昌霖團隊近期已針對台灣麥當勞完成淨值評估,並送至美國總部審查,顯示交易案進入最終階段,一旦美國總部核准,雙方預計明年農曆過年前後正式簽約,最快明年3月完成品牌授權與資產移轉。
國賓昨發3點聲明,重申仰德集團下各公司皆無投資,但表示是「個人投資,由家族成員及其投資團隊評估主導中」,等同間接證實接手傳聞。台灣麥當勞昨表示:「目前尚在進行階段,未有進一步的資訊。」至於是否會影響服務內容和調漲價格,麥當勞僅回應目前沒改變。 

「不要漲價就好」

對麥當勞易手,大學生楊小姐說,麥當勞產品基本上變化不大,就算換老闆也不會差太多,只希望價格不要變動;服務業陳先生認為,麥當勞畢竟是台灣規模最大的速食,只要不要漲價,不管換誰經營都會繼續吃。曾在麥當勞打工四年的王佳佳說,對本土業者管理風格存疑,「希望不要是慣老闆。」 

李昌霖 小檔案

年齡:1965年生╱51歲
學歷:美國波士頓大學經濟系畢
婚姻:已婚,妻為林子鈺
興趣:甜點美食、藝文欣賞
身家:仰德集團年營收逾500億元
現職:國賓飯店總經理、士林開發董事長、台灣觀光協會副會長
家世:外公與母親分別為仰德集團創辦人許金德、集團前董事長許淑貞,兄為現任集團董事長許育瑞,弟李昌儒則在美行醫
資料來源:《蘋果》採訪整理


.......由於對餐飲、文創等領域深感興趣,李昌霖曾說自己最愛做的事就是「無中生有」,近年帶領國賓飯店創立副品牌意舍(amba)酒店,結合文青與夜店風格,獨樹一幟,目前在北市已有西門、中山、松山等3館。

「對餐飲業有野心」

李昌霖和大2歲的哥哥、仰德集團董事長許育瑞感情深厚,雖因外公、仰德集團創辦人許金德膝下無子,很早就指定長外孫許育瑞接班,使得哥哥從母姓許,但李和大哥及弟弟李昌儒從小玩在一起,3人感情很好。
對於接手台灣麥當勞,餐飲業人士表示,李昌霖對餐飲業很有野心,並不意外,惟國賓比較缺乏大型連鎖餐飲的經驗,未來接手之後,營運團隊從何而來?麥當勞在台灣品牌逐漸老化的問題如何改變?都是馬上需要面對的問題。
記者林海 




I.M.F. Stands by Lagarde, Who Is Convicted of Negligence

Christine Lagarde, the head of the International Monetary Fund, escaped any jail time or fine after being found guilty in a case involving the misuse of public funds during her time as finance minister.
A French court has found International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde guilty of negligence but did not hand down any punishment.
As French finance minister in 2008, she approved an award of €404m ($429m; £340m) to businessman Bernard Tapie for the disputed sale of a firm.
Ms Lagarde, who always denied wrongdoing, was not present in court, having left Paris for Washington DC.
The IMF board said it retained "full confidence" in her leadership.
She said she would not appeal against the ruling: "There's a point in time when one has to just stop, turn the page and move on and continue to work with those who have put their trust in me."
The French government also confirmed its confidence in Ms Lagarde, who was reappointed to a five-year term at the IMF in February.
On Friday, she told the trial she had always acted in good faith and the suspicion she had lived under for the past five years had been an "ordeal".

2011
國際貨幣基金組織(International Monetary Fund, 簡稱IMF)執行董事會週二正式任命法國財長拉嘉德(Christine Lagarde)為新一任總裁﹐拉嘉德在最後時刻獲得了美國和多個主要新興市場國家的支持。




拉嘉德在IMF正式宣佈任命後表示﹐她很榮幸也很高興IMF執行董事會選擇她擔任新一任總裁。




Lagarde Starts Charm Offensive




國際貨幣基金組織總幹事職位的角逐全面展開:法國候選人拉加德在新興國家敲響戰鼓,不過,批評之聲也不斷傳來。並非所有國家都支持歐洲人繼續擔任這一職務。

國際貨幣基金組織總幹事職位的競爭正如火如荼的進行著。法國候選人拉加德表示,如果她獲勝,將繼續推進對該機構的改革,增加新興國家的發言權。拉加德週一在巴西開始了競選之旅。她還將訪問中國、印度和中東,為競選造勢。
在巴西,拉加德擂起戰鼓。在與巴西財長曼特加會晤時,拉加德說,國際貨幣基金組織應當審時度勢,及時作出調整。對自己的參選,她特別指出,作為歐洲人和法國人,這一事實不應當成為有利條件,但也不應當成為阻礙。
不過,巴西財長曼特加雖然沒有完全拒絕歐洲人繼續擔任這一職務,但表示,從中長期來看,這一職務應當由發達國家和新興國家輪流擔當。不過,曼特加說,"金磚四國"(巴西、俄羅斯、印度和中國)並沒有共同的候選人。
週三,墨西哥央行行長卡斯滕斯也將訪問巴西。他也是國際貨幣基金組織總幹事的候選人。他表示,如果當選,當對負債累累的歐洲國家實行強硬路線,"應當幫助他們自己作出艱難的決定"。他同時對歐洲人擔任這一職務的要求提出質疑說:"我不明白,為什麼歐洲人就有能力幫助歐洲。"
週二,印度總理辛格也就此事表態,稱"這樣一個顯著的位置,應當由最有能力的參選人擔任,與其國籍無關"。辛格是在與到訪新德里的德國總理默克爾會晤後作此表態的。但他表示,這並不是二人會晤所談及的話題。
與此同時,拉加德再次在法國國內受到新的指責。一名生意人要求國家檢察院調查拉加德濫用職權。拉加德所在的財政部一名工作人員反駁說,這純屬子虛烏有。
來源:德新社、路透社 編譯:苗子
責編:李漁




Finance | 25.05.2011







Portrait of IMF front runner Christine Lagarde







Lagarde is hoping to add IMF chief to her list of achievements

French Finance Minister Christine Lagarde is strongly supported by Europe and the United States in her bid to head the International Monetary Fund. However, there is a potential stumbling block.


Women are less affected by libido and testosterone in their work – so said French Finance Minister Christine Lagarde last fall. Following accusations of sexual assault against former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn, it could well be a good idea to have a woman succeed him as head of the International Monetary Fund. Lagarde is seen as a promising successor to DSK – as the former IMF chief is commonly called – after she officially announced her candidacy at a press conference on Wednesday.

Strong support

Dominique Strauss-Kahn resigned as IMF chief following allegations of sexual abuse.Lagarde was the first woman to head the French finance ministry, the first female finance minister in a G8 country, and could now become the first woman to lead the IMF. Her chances of doing so are good, as she has received strong support for her candidacy. She's not only backed by French President Nicolas Sarkozy but also by members of the OECD from Britain, Italy, Ireland and the Netherlands. Germany has not officially made its recommendation for a candidate, but has signalled support for Lagarde.

According to statements from France, Lagarde has also received backing from China, although the emerging economies would prefer to have their own candidate rather than a European. China's foreign ministry declined to make an official statement, but if China were to back her Lagarde would undoubtedly lead the field in the race for the executive chair of the IMF. The United States is also reported to have expressed strong support for a European chief. Together with Europe, the United States possesses more than half of the IMF's voting power, which gives it enough influence to decide who should lead the IMF.

At home on the international scene

Lagarde has strong connections to the United States and would certainly not be regarded by the Americans as an an unwelcome candidate. She gained political experience as an intern for Republican William Cohen, later Defense Secretary under Bill Clinton. She returned to France to study law and English, beginning her career as a lawyer at American law firm Baker and McKenzie in Paris. She went back to the United States 18 years later to take up the post of manager at Baker and McKenzie's headquarters in Chicago. Former French Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin convinced her to return to France in 2005 to enter politics.

Lagarde has strong support in both Europe and the USShe brought with her a pragmatic Anglo-Saxon and team-oriented style of problem solving. In France, she was somewhat ridiculed at the beginning for her forthright manner. She caused uproar, for example, when she supported a rigorous austerity program in a country whose people were used to being taken care of by the state. When the French complained about high gas prices, she pragmatically encouraged them to ride their bicycles. Later, too, Lagarde refused to shy away from potential conflict.

Eventually, it wasn't just the French who were convinced by her direct style. She was voted "Finance Minister of the Year" by the Financial Times for her contribution to the establishment of the 750-million euro bailout plan and for reining in hedge funds during the 2009 financial crisis.

A liberal with a touch of socialism

Lagarde's economic policy followed a similar path as Strauss-Kahn's – pro market economy and pro globalization, but with clear rules. Like President Sarkozy, she wants the IMF to develop into a type of global economic governance organization. The contacts she's made during her career in the international economic and financial world could help realise this aim.

With an attractive tan, elegant wardrobe and distinctive smile, the sophisticated Lagarde exudes optimism. As the oldest sister of three brothers, she had to prove herself in a man's world early on. Teamwork is not a foreign word for her, and she made it into the French national synchronized swimming team. Her father died when she was only 17 and two marriages ended in divorce. Today the mother of two sons is linked with Marseille businessman Eachran Gilmour.

Stumbling block before the executive chair

Lagarde allegedly gave preferential treatment to businessman Bernard Tapie Her professional past is spotless - with one exception that could prove a stumbling block on her way to Washington. As finance minister in 2007, Lagarde decided that a year-long legal battle between controversial billionaire Bernard Tapie and the former bank Credit Lyonnais regarding the sale of German sportsware company Adidas should be settled by an arbitration agreement rather than the normal legal process. Tapie received over 285 million euros ($400 million) in compensation from the state.

Suspicions have been voiced that Lagarde used her influence in office to have taxpayers foot the bill for Tapie's compensation. Opposition politicians also claim that Lagarde acted on the instructions of President Sarkozy, who is friends with Tapie.

The French judiciary could decide on June 10 whether or not to proceed with an investigation into Lagarde's alleged abuse of power. This is also the last date for candidates to announce their wish to run for the position of IMF chief. A decision as to whether legal proceedings should be launched against Lagarde would come only after the new IMF boss is elected at the end of June. Another court case involving an incumbent IMF chief is something the International Monetary Fund certainly does not need.


Author: Insa Wrede (cn)


Editor: Susan Houlton
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