2016年2月22日 星期一

Gérard Philipe. Tatiana Samoilova, Movie Star of the Soviet Era, Dies at 80

  Centre Pompidou

[Exposure] In red and black, a costumed man advances. The same image is repeated five times, one in the foreground, the others in the back. The character is the Prince of Homburg performed by Gérard Philippe. The play Kleist, home to a conflict between desire and the law, had everything to seduce Gerard Fromanger then aged 26.

He uses photography was taken by Agnès Varda: he repeats, filtered, and thus created his first large pictorial success.

To see true:

https://www.facebook.com/events/971800779562725/

Gérard Fromanger

Red and black in the Prince of Homburg

1965

Oil on canvas

200 x 250 cm

[Exposition] En rouge et noir, un homme costumé s'avance. La même image est repetée cinq fois, l'une au premier plan, les autres à l'arrière. Le personnage est le prince de Hombourg interpreté parGérard Philippe. La pièce de Kleist, où se joue un conflit entre le désir et la loi, avait tout pour séduire Gérard Fromanger alors âgé de 26 ans.
La photographie qu'il utilise a été prise par Agnès Varda : il la répète, la filtre, et créé ainsi sa première grande réussite picturale.
À voir en vrai :
Gérard Fromanger
Le Rouge et le noir dans le Prince de Hombourg
1965
Huile sur toile
200 x 250 cm
S.Kragujevic, Gérard Philipe 1955.JPG
Philipe in 1955
BornGérard Philipe
4 December 1922
CannesFrance
Died25 November 1959 (aged 36)
Paris, France
Occupationactor
Years active1944–1959
Spouse(s)Nicole Fourcade (1951–1959) 2 children
傑拉·菲利浦(1922年12月4日-1959年11月25日)是一個{[法國]]演員。他在1944年至1959年共演出了34部電影。
菲利浦出生於法國坎城。他具有四分之一捷克血統。[1]在青年時期,菲利浦在巴黎的法國國家戲劇藝術音樂學院學習。19歲時,他在尼斯參加了首個演出。
1943年,菲利浦參加了首部電影 Les Petites du quai aux fleurs。之後在幾部電影中演出了幾個小的角色。1947年,他在 Devil in the Flesh中一舉成名。



Tatiana Samoilova, Movie Star of the Soviet Era, Dies at 80

 MOSCOW — Tatiana Samoilova, a movie star who was known in the Soviet Union for her beauty and strong-willed performances but who remained virtually unknown in the West because the Soviet authorities would not let her work there, died here on Sunday, her 80th birthday.
Her brother, Alexei Samoilov, said that the cause was complications of heart and lung ailments.

Ms. Samoilova, whose doe-eyed, dark-haired screen presence drew comparisons to that of Audrey Hepburn, reached her acting pinnacle in the role of a young woman who loses her fiancé in World War II in Mikhail Kalatozov’s 1957 film “The Cranes Are Flying.” In 1958 it won the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival, and it remains the only Soviet or Russian film to have done so.
Soviet officials allowed Ms. Samoilova to attend the festival, where she received a special prize, but they did not let her work in the West.
In her later years, Ms. Samoilova spoke often of how bureaucrats had determined her fate. In a recent interview, published posthumously in 7 Days, a popular Russian television guide, she recalled the grand future envisioned for her by Pablo Picasso, whom she met during the Parisian leg of her Cannes trip.
“I remember,” she said, “this amazing person said to me: ‘Today you walk along the boulevard and no one knows you. But tomorrow you will be driving in a car through Hollywood.’ And his prediction almost came true! Already at the festival, Gérard Philipe gave me a watch as a gift and invited me to star in ‘Anna Karenina’ with him. Can you imagine how dazzled I was by the prospect? I thought: ‘Well, it’s begun!’ But my return to the U.S.S.R. brought me back down to earth.”
Studio officials said she could not appear in the film because she was still a student, and they warned her of Hollywood’s loose morals.
Ms. Samoilova went on to play Anna Karenina in a 1967 Soviet film adaptation of that Tolstoy novel, but first, instead of going to Hollywood, she was ordered to star in “Letter Never Sent,” also directed by Kalatozov, about four geologists whose search for diamonds in Siberia takes a tragic turn after they are caught in a forest fire.
Tatiana Yevgenyevna Samoilova was born in Leningrad on May 4, 1934. Her father, Yevgeny Samoilov, was a well-known stage and film actor. As a child, she moved to Moscow with her family and studied ballet there before focusing on acting.
For Ms. Samoilova, roles dried up in the 1980s. After 1991, she occasionally appeared in films and on television, including in a mini-series about Stalin’s Russia based on Vassily Aksyonov’s family saga “Generations of Winter.”
Ms. Samoilova was married four times. Besides her brother, she is survived by a son from her third marriage, Dmitri Samoilov, who lives in the United States, and a granddaughter.
 At her funeral on Wednesday, fellow actors, directors and other artists spoke of her artistic gift. But several also spoke of the difficult lives of elderly actors in Russia, including Ms. Samoilova, whose financial status did not reflect the acclaim and revenues they had earned for the Soviet state.
“It is shameful to speak of this at her coffin, but she didn’t have money,” said Iosif Kobzon, a singer who is a member of the Russian Parliament. “It’s shameful how cultural figures are treated.”

訃告

《安娜·卡列尼娜》女主角逝世

塔季揚娜·薩莫伊洛娃(左)在《雁南飛》中的一幕。
Warner Brothers, via Photofest
塔季揚娜·薩莫伊洛娃(左)在《雁南飛》中的一幕。

莫斯科——電影明星塔季揚娜·薩莫伊洛娃(Tatiana Samoilova)在周日80歲生日時去世(5月4日——譯註)。她在蘇聯時期以美貌和意志堅強的表演而聞名,但是在西方國家卻幾乎無人知曉,因為蘇聯政府不允許她去西方國家工作。
她的弟弟阿列克謝·薩莫伊洛娃(Alexei Samoilov)說死因是心肺疾病併發症。

薩莫伊洛娃有一雙天真無邪的眼睛和一頭烏髮,因此她的銀幕 形象經常被拿來與奧黛麗·赫本(Audrey Hepburn)相比較。她事業的巔峰是在米哈伊爾·卡拉托佐夫(Mikhail Kalatozov)1957年導演的電影《雁南飛》(The Cranes Are Flying)中扮演一位年輕女子,她的未婚夫在「二戰」中死去。1958年,這部電影在戛納電影節上獲得金棕櫚獎,是唯一一部獲得該獎項的蘇聯或俄羅斯 電影。
蘇聯官員允許薩莫伊洛娃參加該電影節,領取特別獎,但是不允許她在西方國家工作。
薩莫伊洛娃在晚年經常提起官僚主義如何決定了她的命運。她去世後,俄羅斯暢銷電視節目指南《七天》(7 Days)發表了前不久對她的採訪。她在採訪中回憶說,她在前往戛納領獎途中在巴黎遇到了巴勃羅·畢加索(Pablo Picasso),畢加索展望了她的輝煌前途。
「我記得,」她說,「這個不同凡響的人對我說:『今天你走 在大街上,沒人認識你。但是明天你將駕車在好萊塢奔馳。』 他的預言差一點變成現實!在電影節上,傑拉德·菲利普(Gérard Philipe)送給我一塊手錶做禮物,邀請我和他一起主演《安娜·卡列尼娜》(Anna Karenina)。你能想像這樣的前景多麼讓我興奮嗎?我當時想:『呃,好運開始了!』 但是我一回到蘇聯,希望全落空了。」
電影廠的管理人員說她不能出演那部電影,因為她還是個學生,他們還警告她說好萊塢道德敗壞。
後來,薩莫伊洛娃在1967年根據托爾斯泰 (Tolstoy)的這部小說改編的蘇聯電影中扮演了安娜·卡列尼娜。但是在那之前,她沒能去成好萊塢,而是接受命令主演卡拉托佐夫導演的另一部電影《未 寄出的信》(Letter Never Sent)。那部電影講述的是在西伯利亞尋找鑽石的四位地質學家遭遇了一場森林大火,命運發生了悲劇性的轉變。
塔季揚娜·耶夫欽耶夫娜·薩莫伊洛娃(Tatiana Yevgenyevna Samoilova)1934年5月4日出生於列寧格勒。她的父親耶夫欽尼·薩莫伊洛夫(Yevgeny Samoilov)是一位知名戲劇、電影演員。她兒時隨家人搬到莫斯科,先是學習芭蕾舞,後來專註於表演。
薩莫伊洛娃的作品在20世紀80年代逐漸減少。1991年 後,她偶爾出現在電影和電視中,包括根據瓦西里·阿克肖諾夫(Vassily Aksyonov)的家族傳奇《冬去冬又來》(Generations of Winter)改編的關於斯大林統治下的蘇聯的迷你連續劇。
薩莫伊洛娃結過四次婚。除了弟弟,她在世的親人還有在第三次婚姻中生的兒子德米特里·薩莫伊洛夫(Dmitri Samoilov)和一個孫女,他們住在美國。
在周三的喪禮上,她的同輩演員、導演和其他藝術家提到了她的藝術天賦。但是有幾個人也提到了俄羅斯老藝術家們艱難的生活,包括薩莫伊洛娃。他們的經濟地位不能反映他們為蘇聯贏得的榮譽和收入。
「在她的靈柩旁談論此事真是丟臉,但是她沒有錢,」歌手、俄羅斯議員約瑟夫·科布宗(Iosif Kobzon)說,「讓文化名人遭受這樣的待遇,真是可恥。」
本文最初發表於2014年5月9日。
翻譯:王相宜

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