2017年12月26日 星期二

Joko Widodo (佐科威多多 vows to 'fix' Indonesia、困境; Wins Indonesia Presidential Election 貧民窟里走出的印尼總統

It's all business for Indonesian President as he sits down for an interview and touts his ambitious plans to further improve the economy. But with rival politicians stirring religious fervor and the prospects for re-election still in the air, Widodo's fourth year is shaping up to be his toughest one yet.

Joko Widodo, Indonesia’s president, promises growth of 7% a year by 2018. Yet for all his fine aspirations, the country underwhelms. The economy is stumbling, growing by 4.7% in the first quarter compared with a year ago. Rather than an agent of change, he is sounding more like his tub-thumping predecessors. For the sake of 250m Indonesians, he needs to change his tune, and fasthttp://econ.st/1PrKIuL

HE SAYS it himself: expectations have been high since he became president in October, after a gripping election showed how Indonesia’s democratic politics are...


A new kind of president

The Economist (blog) ‎- 2 hours ago

A former furniture-seller, Jokowi was elected mayor of Solo, a medium-sized ... Indonesia's economy, the largest in South-East Asia, is slowing. ... The outgoing president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, has appealed for calm.

A Child of the Slum Rises as President of Indonesia

New York Times‎ - 1 day ago

Joko Widodo Wins Indonesia Presidential Election

Wall Street Journal‎ - 1 day ago

Barack Obama signed his health-care programme into law 427 days after taking office. Joko Widodo, Indonesia’s president, took just two weeks to begin honouring his health-care and education promises. By cutting fuel subsidies, he has also begun giving an income top-up to the poorest third of Indonesia’s population that will lift millions above the poverty line, as well as extending public healthcare and educationhttp://econ.st/14VAsKY

BARACK OBAMA signed his health-care programme into law 427 days after taking office. Joko Widodo, Indonesia’s president, took just two weeks to begin honouring his...

Joko Widodo Wins Indonesia Presidential Election

Widodo Victory Comes After Subianto Withdraws From Race

Updated July 22, 2014 12:26 p.m. ET

Joko Widodo savors his presidential election victory Tuesday in Jakarta. Agence France-Presse/Getty Images
JAKARTA, Indonesia—Jakarta Gov. Joko Widodo was declared the winner ofIndonesia's presidential election, ending weeks of uncertainty in the wake of a hard-fought contest in the Southeast Asian nation.
The national elections commission said Tuesday after days of collating more than 133 million ballots from across the sprawling archipelago that Mr. Widodo edged outformer army Gen. Prabowo Subianto with 53.15% of the vote—a margin of about 8.4 million votes. Voter turnout was almost 70% for the July 9 election.
Mr. Widodo, a former furniture exporter and mayor who arrived on the national scene by staging a surprise win in the Jakarta gubernatorial election in 2012, will take the helm of the nation of 250 million people in October, when President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono steps down after serving a maximum 10 years. The exchange of power will be the country's first between directly elected presidents, as Mr. Widodo becomes the nation's fifth president in a democratic era that began with the downfall of longtime authoritarian ruler Suharto 16 years ago.
Mr. Widodo will inherit a regional powerhouse whose $900 billion economy has sputtered lately amid declining prices for its mineral and commodity exports. He will face an early challenge of reining in ballooning fuel subsidies that have stifled spending on infrastructure that is sorely needed to boost the country's productivity—and doing it with a heavily splintered parliament with a history of gridlock.

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The announcement from the elections commission came shortly before 9 p.m., several hours after officials and hundreds of observers and journalists paused to break the fast, a daily event during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Tens of thousands of police were deployed at the election commission headquarters and across the megacity to safeguard the count.
Mr. Widodo arrived partway through the announcement wearing a traditional batik shirt alongside his running mate, the former Vice President Jusuf Kalla. Mr. Widodo bore a slight smile but made no public address after the commission read out the tallies and declared him the winner.
He then gave a late-night victory speech at Sunda Kelapa, a port for traditional sailing vessels near the city's early colonial-era Dutch administrative center, when the city was a center of the lucrative spice trade.
In a speech from the deck of a traditional cargo vessel, Mr. Widodo urged Indonesians to quickly move past their most divisive presidential campaign since the world's largest Muslim-majority country became an anchor of stability in Southeast Asia roughly a decade ago.
"The election has led to a new optimism for the country," Mr. Widodo said. "The heart of freedom and political responsibility is blooming with the new generation….That spirit of mutual cooperation will allow the Indonesian people to survive not only in the face of challenges, but also to develop into one of the great civilizations of the future."
Earlier in the day, Mr. Subianto withdrew his team from the vote-counting process, saying in a news conference that he rejected the vote and viewed the election process as "riddled with problems" and "undemocratic."
Arief Budiman, a commissioner of the elections body, said the walkout was Mr. Subianto's right. "Everyone is entitled to their stance and opinions, and we respect that," he said.
The withdrawal, hours before the official results were announced, "means [Mr. Subianto] conceded through an alternative way," said Indria Samego, political analyst with the state-run Indonesian Institute of Science, a research organization.
Mr. Subianto, a former general from the Suharto era, gave assurances that he wouldn't resort to force to challenge the vote. The stock market's main index fell almost 2.2% after he spoke but later pared its losses, closing down 0.9%. The rupiah dropped almost 0.9% against the dollar before partly recovering in late Asian trade.
Mr. Subianto's "withdrawal stunt caught the market by surprise and hence the initial rather negative reaction," said Wellian Wiranto, economist at OCBC. But "the market is willing to give the situation the benefit of the doubt that all will proceed smoothly in the end, [although] such goodwill might come under fairly strenuous tests in the coming days."
Indonesian presidential candidates Prabowo Subianto, left, and Joko Widodo attend a breaking-fast ceremony with outgoing President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (not pictured) Sunday at the presidential palace in Jakarta.Agence France-Presse/Getty Images
Mr. Subianto could still mount a legal challenge to the vote until Friday. In recent days he said he would file a case at the Constitutional Court, the country's highest legal body when it comes to elections disputes, which would prolong uncertainty until mid-August. But members of his campaign team suggested Tuesday that he no longer intended to file such a case.
Mr. Subianto's coalition of political parties had frayed in recent days, political observers and coalition members said. One high-ranking coalition member said the parties had split in recent days after data revealed the team had lost the election by too great a margin to challenge.
The election was the most sophisticated and contentious in Indonesian history, featuring smear campaigns, hundreds of thousands of volunteers, intensive media coverage and, for the first time, regular debates that drew huge viewership in the main islands of Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi and beyond.
The stark contrasts in personalities between the two men fueled polarizing discourse especially in Jakarta, the capital of 10 million people.
Mr. Widodo, a product of democratic reforms that allowed him to run for mayor in his hometown of Solo a decade ago, cast himself as an ordinary man of the people with a knack for pushing small but steady improvements in government services. Mr. Subianto, once Mr. Suharto's son-in-law, appealed to Indonesians longing for strong leadership, saying he would seek to strengthen the presidency and reconsider some reforms of the post-Suharto era.
But both the election and the intricate vote-counting process across the country was a peaceful affair.
"In all the elections I've seen in Indonesia, this is probably the best run,'' said Paul Rowland, a longtime Jakarta-based political analyst.
—Linda Silaen, Sara Schonhardt and Andreas Ismar contributed to this article.










Kemal Jufri for The New York Times
印尼雅加達——雅加達省長佐科·威多多(Joko Widodo)平易近人的作風,讓他在政界平步青雲。本周二,印尼總統選舉委員會宣布他贏得了大選,佐科也由此完成了一個奇蹟般的蛻變:從一個來自貧民窟的孩子,成為了全球第四人口大國的領導者。
雖然這則消息符合人們的普遍預期,但它並沒有就此結束一個正在發酵的爭議。佐科的競爭對手、退役將軍普拉博沃·蘇比亞恩托(Prabowo Subianto)拒絕承認選舉結果,宣稱選舉過程中存在舞弊行為,並表示他將退出競選。
  • 檢視大圖本周二,雅加達,佐科的支持者們剃光頭以慶祝他的勝利。
    Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images
但在周二晚上,他的兄弟兼首席顧問哈希姆·約約哈迪庫蘇莫(Hashim Djojohadikusumo)說,普拉博沃其實並沒有撤回候選人資格,只是要求選舉委員會再花些時間來調查投票和計票過程中的「嚴重問題」。
哈希姆說,普拉博沃的競選團隊還沒有決定,是否要將選舉結果訴至印尼憲法法院(Indonesian Constitutional Court)。
即將卸任的印尼總統蘇西洛·班邦·尤多約諾(Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono)在兩個為期五年的任期中,成功地鞏固了民主,促進了經濟的強勁增長,不久這個國家就將由佐科來領導。和中國、印度一樣,印尼是近年來亞洲增長最快的經濟體之一。但是,它之所以在2010至2012年實現逾6%的年增長率,主要是依靠其豐富的自然資源和強勁的國內消費,目前它正面臨著一些嚴峻挑戰。