2014年12月2日 星期二

Gordon Brown, Alex Salmond, David Cameron

Gordon Brown has announced that he will stand down as an MP at the next election. Britain's former prime minister may have been a miserable politician. But in 2008, he quite probably saved the global economy from collapse http://econ.st/1zcRmOC
Illustration by Steve O'Brien “SAY what you like about Boris Yeltsin,” said one pithy obituarist of Russia's mercurial president, “and you're probably...

Former Prime Minister Gordon Brown is to stand down as an MP at the next general election.
The Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath MP ruled out a Labour peerage, as he made the announcement to constituency activists.
Mr Brown was chancellor from 1997 to 2007 before spending three years in 10 Downing Street.
Labour leader Ed Miliband described Mr Brown as a "towering figure", while David Cameron said he had "given a huge amount" to public life.
Under Mr Brown's leadership, Labour lost power in 2010 after 13 years in government, recording its worst general election result since 1983.
Since then, he has kept a generally low profile, making an intervention in a debate on the phone-hacking scandal and later entering the Scottish independence campaign.
Leaving Westminster
Addressing Labour Party activists in his constituency in Fife, Mr Brown said he was in "no doubt" that stepping down was the right thing to do.
Mr Brown will have served 32 years at Westminster by the time of the general election - Iain Watson takes a look at his career
But he stressed his continuing commitment to the constituency at the meeting of supporters, friends and wife and children.
"We are not leaving Fife. It is London that I am leaving. For the avoidance of doubt, I'm not going back to Westminster nor to House of Lords.
"It is Fife where our home is and where we will be, where our children John and Fraser - who are here tonight - are happily at school."
Gordon Brown
James Landale, BBC deputy political editor
To his opponents, Gordon Brown was one of the worst prime ministers of the post-war era, a man whose ambition outpaced his ability.
To his supporters, he was a giant of his age, a politician who helped save the global economy and the United Kingdom. He could be brilliant and inspirational. He could be insecure and suspicious.
Above all, he was a complex figure whose character shaped his leadership, from his moral seriousness to his petty rivalries.
Read more of James Landale's analysis here.
Mr Brown told the meeting that although he was standing down next May, "I want to renew my commitment to public service".
"So, in the next few months I will do everything I can to secure the election of my successor here as the Member of Parliament and the election of Ed Miliband as prime minister under a Labour government," he pledged.
Gordon Brown speaking during a press conference to announce he is standing down as an MP, at The Kirkcaldy Old Kirk Trust
He said he would also use the skills he learned "fighting the cause of Scotland in Britain" and to "fight also the cause of Britain in Europe".
"And, although I have no desire to return to frontline politics, if the health service needs an additional champion, if the cause of social justice needs someone else to speak up for it, if the cause of Scotland in Britain needs someone to speak for it, and if I feel I can make a difference, then I will do everything in my power to play my part in securing the election of a Labour government in the Scottish parliament elections in 2016 as well," the MP added.
'My hero'
Mr Brown, who first entered Parliament in 1983, confirmed his intentions in a speech to his constituency Labour Party on Monday evening.
His wife, Sarah, who was at the event, told BBC Scotland it was "quite an emotional day".
"I've known Gordon always as a Member of Parliament and I think most decisions we'd make together as a family or as a couple but actually this one was for him alone. So, yeah, it's the end of this particular era."
Asked what he and the family would do next, she said they had both been working on global education projects and would "combine our efforts" to try to tackle the problem of "58 million children who don't get a single day at school around the world".
Sarah BrownGordon Brown's wife, Sarah, says the couple will continue to work on global education projects
When pressed about criticism of her husband during his career, she said she didn't read "every comment" and stood by past remarks that he was "my hero".
Alastair Campbell, Tony Blair's former director of communications, told BBC Radio 4's Today programme Mr Brown was "one of the political figures of our time".
"At his best to work with he was absolutely brilliant. And equally at other times he could be a nightmare to work with," he said.
"I think sometimes with really great figures there is always a downside and that was the downside... this idea that he was brilliant but he was also impossible."
"You see this in a lot of people there is often this link between hyper achievement and psychological issues. I've got them myself, I've been very open about that," Mr Campbell added.
Mr Campbell described the relationship between Blair and Brown as like Lennon and McCartney and said Mr Blair had come close to sacking Mr Brown.
The former spin doctor worked closely with Mr Brown when he was chancellor.
"I used to go to meetings every single morning. You never knew what mood he'd be in but whatever it was he was worth working with because we did make things happen," Mr Campbell said.
"I always gave him the benefit of the doubt - except when he could be totally nightmarish and then we all lost it."
Charity work
The BBC's assistant political editor Norman Smith said Mr Brown's decision to step down was "not a huge surprise", with the former PM having been a "relatively infrequent visitor to Westminster" since the 2010 general election.
Since resigning as prime minister and Labour leader, Mr Brown has focused on charity work and his role as United Nations special envoy for global education.
Mr Brown told the meeting that he would continue this work from Fife.
He returned to the political spotlight during the latter stages of the Scottish independence referendum campaign with the result in the balance, helping to secure the vote against independence.
Gordon Brown and Tony BlairTony Blair and Gordon Brown led the Labour government for 13 years
A key part of his role was setting out a timetable for boosting the Scottish Parliament's powers if voters rejected independence, a timetable which was backed by the leaders of the three main pro-Union parties.
Gordon Brown and the QueenHe resigned as prime minister after the 2010 general election
Gordon BrownHe pledged new powers for Scotland ahead of the referendum on independence
Supporters later urged him to contest the leadership of the Scottish Labour Party but he declined.
Mr Brown said he did not want to announce his intention to step down until he was sure that the promises of further Scottish devolution, made during the referendum campaign, would go ahead.
He had a majority of 23,000 at the last general election.
Treasury decade
As chancellor Mr Brown oversaw a decade of growth, made the Bank of England independent and played a key role in keeping the UK out of the euro.
He took over as prime minister from Mr Blair without a contest in 2007 but his premiership, which suffered when he decided at the last minute against calling a snap election that autumn, was dominated by the financial crisis and bank bailouts as the UK slipped into recession with a soaring deficit.
He saw off frequent rumours of challenges to his leadership by fellow Labour MPs, but his popularity never returned to the levels of his early days as PM.

Gordon Brown

  • 1983: Elected Labour MP
  • 1992: Becomes shadow chancellor
  • 1997: Becomes chancellor following Labour election landslide
  • 2007: Becomes prime minister after Tony Blair stands down
  • 2010: Steps down from No 10 after general election defeat
The low point came during the 2010 election campaign, when he was recorded referring to a voter he had just spoken to in Rochdale, Gillian Duffy, as a "bigoted woman". He later went to Mrs Duffy's house in Rochdale to apologise, saying he was "mortified".
After the 2010 general election, he stayed on as prime minister for five days during negotiations between the parties.
With the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats poised to form a coalition government, he resigned as prime minister and stepped down as Labour leader.
Mr Cameron said: "Gordon has given a huge amount in terms of public service and his contribution in government and Parliament, and I am sure he will go on contributing to public life even after he has left the House of Commons."
'Uneasy temperament'
Praising his legacy, which Mr Miliband said included the minimum wage and the preservation of the United Kingdom following September's Scottish independence referendum, Mr Miliband said his predecessor as Labour leader "will obviously be missed" but "will carry on serving the Labour Party in other ways".
"Gordon has been a towering political figure for a generation," he said.
"He's been instrumental in many of the Labour government's past achievements like investment in health and education and the minimum wage. He worked with other world leaders to stop the financial crisis becoming a great depression. And even recently he played a really important role in the Scottish referendum making sure there was a no vote."
Ed Miliband described Gordon Brown as a "towering political figure"
Former Labour Cabinet minister Lord Mandelson, a one-time foe of Mr Brown's who was brought back into government by him in 2008, said the ex-PM had been instrumental in salvaging the global financial system in the aftermath of the 2007 banking crash.
Despite having what he described as an "uneasy temperament" and a capacity to "sometimes see conspiracies where none existed", Lord Mandelson said "no-one could take away" his achievements in office.
"The balance of achievements will be very much in Gordon Brown's favour," he told the BBC.
Labour's shadow Scotland secretary Margaret Curran said: "The whole Scottish Labour Party wishes Gordon well and while he will no longer be an MP, he still has a great part to play in Scottish politics and as an international campaigner for education."
Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said Gordon Brown had made an "enormous contribution" to Scottish, UK and international politics.

"History will be kind to Alex Salmond for it will credit him with being the architect of the most profound and radical shift in Scotland’s politics since the birth of democracy. In his 20 years at the helm of the Scottish National Party (SNP) – barely a single generation – the party has evolved from being a hit-and-hope party favoured by tartan and heather romanticists to the nation’s natural party of government."
Kevin McKenna: The outgoing first minister should be remembered as a reforming and progressive leader. The country has much to thank him for

David Cameron has been accused of "gossiping" about the Queen after being filmed sharing details of a private conversation:http://bbc.in/1smH3IS
He said the Queen "purred" when he told her Scotland had voted "No" to independence, adding "I've never heard someone so happy".
Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond said Mr Cameron should "hang his head in shame".

蘇格蘭續留英國 卡麥隆官邸外談話全文
新頭殼newtalk2014.09.20 翁嫆琄/編譯報導
蘇格蘭公投結果昨天出爐,顯示多數蘇格蘭人仍選擇留在聯合王國內,英國首相卡麥隆(David Cameron)19日在公投結果出爐後,也特別在唐寧街10號的首相官邸外發表談話。他強調,蘇格蘭人民已做出選擇,現在是英國該往前看,建設一個更美好未來的時候了,除了承諾會給蘇格蘭議會更多權力,他也表示,英格蘭、威爾斯和北愛爾蘭,也將公平地獲得更多話語權。









讓我們記住,為什麼提出決定性的問題「yes」或者「no」是對的。因為這個爭論已經存在了一個世代,或者像蕯蒙德(Alex Salmond)所說的,也許是一生。













我希望這將能夠在跨黨派的基礎上進行。我已要求William Hague起草這些方案。





蘇格蘭獨派功敗垂成,但領導獨立陣營的蘇格蘭民族黨黨魁薩門(Alex Salmond)仍是最大贏家。1個月前,獨派民調仍落後統派22個百分點,但薩門藉個人魅力與舌粲蓮花的話術,10天前將民調拉平為五五波,大舉拉抬獨派聲勢。如今雖獨立不成,但也成功迫使英國三大黨承諾,將賦予蘇格蘭更多自治權。





BBC News - The Alex Salmond story - BBC.com


'Political conjuror'
So confident was Prime Minister David Cameron - he had seen the polls putting the pro-Union camp 20 points or more ahead - that Salmond did not want a referendum that he took to taunting him from the Conservative Party conference stage to name a date.
When the two men finally sat down to hammer out an agreement on the referendum, many Westminster pundits thought Cameron had outfoxed Salmond by refusing to allow a third question on the ballot paper.
Alex Salmond 2014The economic case for independence has always been central to Salmond's pitch
Cameron was confident that the SNP could not win in a straight yes/no contest, so rejected Salmond's demands for a third "devo max" option - more powers for the Scottish Parliament in lieu of full independence - to be added to the ballot paper.
"He [Salmond] may well be forced to hold a referendum knowing that he will lose. The greatest political conjuror of recent times will have run out of tricks," wrote commentator Steve Richards in The Independent.
In the event, Salmond came far closer to winning the referendum than anyone thought possible when it was announced. The Yes campaign's late surge in the polls shocked the Westminster establishment into offering what may amount to a form of "devo max" after all, before a single vote had been cast.
Perhaps the old conjuror has a few tricks left up his sleeve after all.
Salmond called the referendum a once in a lifetime opportunity for the Scottish people. He will soon turn 60 and may not get another shot at it.
That, he suggested, was one reason why he had decided to step down as SNP leader. Twenty years as SNP leader, with a four year break, and seven years as first minister, something that has been "the privilege of my life" was, he said, a "fair spell".
But with characteristic defiance, he said Scotland "could still emerge as the real winner" and suggested his legacy was the tens of thousands of "energised activists" that had been drawn into politics through the Yes campaign, "who I predict will refuse to go meekly back into the political shadows".
He may have departed the stage but, he told the reporters, he would "continue to contribute" and said the dream of Scottish independence "will never die".

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    更新時間 2014年9月19日, 格林尼治標準時間13:16



    (編譯:秦川 責編:尚清)

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