2016年8月15日 星期一

拿破崙 Napoleon Bonaparte 1769-1821

Napoléon Bonaparte is often cast as an embodiment of progress and meritocracy. He was certainly a catalyst for reform, but seeing Napoléon as a force for good, who fed the greater glory of his country, is wrong. The military and political leader was born on August 15th 1769
Bonaparte was born on this day in 1769
ECONOMIST.COM

To celebrate the 246th anniversary of Napoleon's birth: how defeat at Waterloo transformed Europe's great military strategist into Mr Pickwick http://econ.st/1DSXgLL





Two great little men
A WEEK after being routed at Waterloo, Napoleon left Paris for the last time. “My political life is over,” he wrote in a terse statement of abdication. The man...
ECON.ST

Napoleon—tactical military genius but a flawed statesman—was born on August 15th 1769. From our archive: http://econ.st/1Jhd6SZ







Flawed sparkler
Napoleon the Great. By Andrew Roberts. Allen Lane; 936 pages; £30. To be published in America by Viking in November; $40. Buy from Amazon.comAmazon.co.uk IS...
ECON.ST


Bonaparte and the British

prints and propaganda in the age of Napoleon5 February – 16 August 2015



James Gillray (1756–1815), The plumb-pudding in danger: -or-state epicures taking un petit souper. Hand-coloured etching, 1805.





Anonymous, La famille Anglaise au Museum à Paris. Hand-coloured etching, 1814.



This exhibition will focus on the printed propaganda that either reviled or glorified Napoleon Bonaparte, on both sides of the English Channel. It explores how his formidable career coincided with the peak of political satire as an art form.


2015 marks the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo – the final undoing of brilliant French general and emperor Napoleon Bonaparte (1769–1821). The exhibition will include works by British and French satirists who were inspired by political and military tensions to exploit a new visual language combining caricature and traditional satire with the vigorous narrative introduced by Hogarth earlier in the century.


The print trade had already made the work of contemporary British artists familiar across Europe. Continental collectors devoured the products of the London publishers, and artists across Europe were inspired by British satires.





James Gillray (1756 - 1815), The First Kiss this Ten Years! Hand-coloured etching and aquatint, 1803.





Auguste Gaspard Louis Boucher Desnoyers (1779 - 1857) after François Gérard (1770–1837), Napoleon le Grand. Etching and engraving, 1808.





Cast of the Death Mask of Napoleon. Plaster of Paris, 1830s.



This exhibition includes work by James Gillray, Thomas Rowlandson, Richard Newton and George Cruikshank, some of the most thoughtful and inventive artists of their day.


The range and depth of the British Museum’s collection allows the satirical printmakers’ approach to be compared with that of portraitists and others who tended to represent a more sober view of Napoleon.


The exhibition begins with portraits of the handsome young general from the mid-1790s and ends with a cast of his death mask and other memorabilia acquired by British admirers.


Along the way, the prints will examine key moments in the British response to Napoleon – exultation at Nelson’s triumph in the Battle of the Nile in 1798, celebration of the Peace of Amiens in 1802, fear of invasion in 1803, the death of Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, and Napoleon’s triumph at Austerlitz, delight at his military defeats from 1812 onwards, culminating in his exile to Elba in 1814.


1815 sees triumphalism after Waterloo and final exile to St Helena, but some prints reflect an ambiguous view of the fallen emperor and doubts about the restoration of the French king Louis XVIII.


Win a luxury weekend away in the South of France


Win an amazing trip for two people, courtesy of Eurostar, Voyages-sncf.com and Hotel Juana.
The catalogue for this exhibition is published by The British Museum Press: Bonaparte and the British: prints and propaganda in the age of Napoleon, by Tim Clayton and Sheila O'Connell. With stunning illustrations showing the intricately detailed prints in full colour this book brings to life a key period in European history. Paperback, £25.







British Museum 新增了 1 張相片。

British Museum

‪#‎onthisday‬ in 1804: Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor by the French Senate.


Discover how Napoleon was glorified and reviled in our free exhibition‪#‎BonaparteAndTheBritish‬ http://ow.ly/MWqeG



























Napoleon Bonaparte died ‪#‎onthisday‬ in 1821. See his death mask in our free exhibition ‪#‎BonaparteAndTheBritish‬ http://ow.ly/MoiQf








Napoleon Bonaparte


Military leader


Napoléon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. Wikipedia

Born: August 15, 1769, Ajaccio, France
Died: May 5, 1821, Longwood
Height: 1.68 m
Buried: May 9, 1821, Les Invalides, Paris, France

BBC - History - Napoleon Bonaparte


www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/bonaparte_napoleon.shtml

Read a biography about Napoleon - the emperor of France. Discover facts about his marriage to Josephine and the Napoleonic Wars including the Battle of ...

British Museum 新增了 2 張相片。


Napoleon Bonaparte became Emperor of the French ‪#‎onthisday‬ in 1804 http://ow.ly/F1wEY


See Napoleon’s hat from the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 in our exhibition ‪#‎MemoriesOfANation‬ http://ow.ly/F8X46










張貼留言

網誌存檔