2014年7月22日 星期二

Makers of Modern Asia: Sukarno , Deng Xiaoping , Indira Gandhi, Lee Kuan Yew, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Gandhi, Chiang Kai-shek, Ho Chi Minh, Mao Zedong, Jawaharlal Nehru, Zhou Enlai,

Cover: Makers of Modern Asia in HARDCOVER

Makers of Modern Asia

Edited by Ramachandra Guha












Hardly more than a decade old, the twenty-first century has already been dubbed the Asian Century in recognition of China and India’s increasing importance in world affairs. Yet discussions of Asia seem fixated on economic indicators—gross national product, per capita income, share of global trade. Makers of Modern Asia reorients our understanding of contemporary Asia by highlighting the political leaders, not billionaire businessmen, who helped launch the Asian Century.
The nationalists who crafted modern Asia were as much thinkers as activists, men and women who theorized and organized anticolonial movements, strategized and directed military campaigns, and designed and implemented political systems. The eleven thinker-politicians whose portraits are presented here were a mix of communists, capitalists, liberals, authoritarians, and proto-theocrats—a group as diverse as the countries they represent.
From China, the world’s most populous country, come four: Mao Zedong, leader of the Communist Revolution; Zhou Enlai, his close confidant; Deng Xiaoping, purged by Mao but rehabilitated to play a critical role in Chinese politics in later years; and Chiang Kai-shek, whose Kuomintang party formed the basis of modern Taiwan. From India, the world’s largest democracy, come three: Mohandas Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Indira Gandhi, all of whom played crucial roles in guiding India toward independence and prosperity. Other exemplary nationalists include Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh, Indonesia’s Sukarno, Singapore’s Lee Kuan Yew, and Pakistan’s Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. With contributions from leading scholars, Makers of Modern Asia illuminates the intellectual and ideological foundations of Asia’s spectacular rise to global prominence.

  • Introduction: The Politics behind the Economics of Asia’s Rise [Ramachandra Guha]
  • 1. Gandhi, India, and the World [Ramachandra Guha]
  • 2. Chiang Kai-shek and Chinese Modernization [Jay Taylor]
  • 3. Ho Chi Minh: Nationalist Icon [Sophie Quinn-Judge]
  • 4. Mao Zedong and Charismatic Maoism [Rana Mitter]
  • 5. Jawaharlal Nehru: A Romantic in Politics [Ramachandra Guha]
  • 6. Zhou Enlai and China’s “Prolonged Rise” [Chen Jian]
  • 7. Sukarno: Anticipating an Asian Century [James R. Rush]
  • 8. Deng Xiaoping and the China He Made [Odd Arne Westad]
  • 9. Indira Gandhi: India and the World in Transition [Srinath Raghavan]
  • 10. Singapore’s Lee Kuan Yew: Traveling Light, Traveling Fast [Michael D. Barr]
  • 11. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto: In Pursuit of an Asian Pakistan [Farzana Shaikh]
  • Notes
  • Acknowledgments
  • Notes on Contributors
  • Credits
  • Index


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