2015年7月2日 星期四

Alexis Tsipras, Syriza黨, Rena Dourou, A hint of civilisations clashing。好漢:Darrell Winfield

  • 希臘總理齊普拉斯顯然在玩兩手策略,一方面在國內金鼓齊鳴辦公投,一方面又向債權人豎白旗,要求以較鬆的條件換取停辦公投。
    希臘就像必須通過海峽的船,被迫在財政精簡和退出歐元區之間抉擇。讓希臘人透過公投決定此事,似乎相當合理。
    ▲你認為呢?↓↓
    希臘總理齊普拉斯顯然在玩兩手策略,一方面在國內金鼓齊鳴辦公投,一...
    CW.COM.TW





  • BREAKING NEWS: Greece requests a two-year rescue deal with the EU, hours before its debt repayment deadline.
    Live updates: bbc.in/1g6Sgsu

  • Hope for Greek Deal Keeps Markets Calm as Deadline Nears

    Share prices in Europe were holding steady after a rebound in Asia, as the world watched to see if Athens would make a critical loan repayment to the International Monetary Fund.


  • 希臘總理玩真的嗎?會低頭嗎?
  • Is Alex Tsipras about to announce a U-turn and accept Europe's last-last-minute offer? Perhaps http://econ.st/1Ns2rTs



    BY ANY reckoning today is a crucial moment in the extraordinary Greek debt-crisis drama, as two deadlines pass, with fateful consequences. The first is a payment...
    ECON.ST




  • When the far-left Syriza party won the Greek election last month, the hope was that the new prime minister, Alexis Tsipras, would moderate his demands so as to compromise with his country’s creditors. After all, he (like the vast majority of Greeks) wants to stay in the single currency. But even as he prepared to meet fellow European Union leaders for the first time this week, he was making a Greek exit from the euro ever more likely http://econ.st/1738UnR



The Economist

The tie-less leaders of the new Greek government are short of neckwear but not of off-beat policy ideas. The “smart debt engineering” mooted by Yanis Varoufakis, Greece’s new finance minister, is a plan to swap lots of existing Greek debt for “GDP-linked bonds”—an old idea whose time may at last have comehttp://econ.st/1E49vQM
This week's KAL's cartoon http://econ.st/1zJoLmQ



Greece will have a new prime minister, and Europe its first anti-austerity government, following elections on January 25th. Preliminary results show that Syriza, a left-wing party led by Alexis Tsipras, has won handsomely, claiming around 36% of the vote, an eight-percentage-point lead over the New Democracy party of Antonis Samaras, the outgoing prime minister http://econ.st/1C3jpoJ

EU unity is severely challenged as Greece and Russia revive historic ties partly based on a common Orthodox Christian faith. Religion doesn't pre-determine diplomacy, but when diplomatic stars are aligned, religion adds resonance http://econ.st/1JM5kwJ


AS MY last posting noted, the first edgy thing which the new Greek government did was to downgrade, albeit very politely, its relations with the church....
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Syriza's unequivocal victory in Sunday's Greek elections reverberated all over Europe. The win gave inspiration to populist anti-austerity parties on the left and right. European governments issued diplomatic congratulations, while quietly worrying that the deals struck to rescue Greece from default and keep it in the euro zone, will now be torn open http://econ.st/1C789HI



SYRIZA'S unequivocal victory in Sunday's Greek elections reverberated all over Europe. It had been widely assumed that the left-wing populists and their charismatic...
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  1. A Greek Politician Willing to Face the People - NYTimes.com

    www.nytimes.com/.../a-greek-politician-willing-to-face-the-people-.html
    Sep 26, 2014 - ATHENS — Rena Dourou, the new prefect of Athens and a member of the left-wing Syriza Party, was taking stock of the cavernous office she  ...

  2. There has been lots of media focus on our Essex alumni with links to Syriza this week. David Howarth from the Department of Government has been speaking to The Independent about the ideas which have influenced Rena Dourou and the wider anti-austerity movement.
    http://www.independent.co.uk/…/the-success-of-syriza-in-gre…





    You might not know this, but there are surprising connections between...
    INDEPENDENT.CO.UK

  3. The success of Syriza in Greece has been driven by Marxism, populism and yes — Essex University

    Three alumni hold senior positions within the party and, as someone who taught one of them, the influence of the university on their ideas is clear



    You might not know this, but there are surprising connections between Syriza – the radical left-wing party which has just swept to power in Greece – and the University of Essex, where I work as a professor.
    The new Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis, who studied Economics, and the new Syriza MP for Corfu, Fotini Vaki, are both Essex alumni. So is Rena Dourou, the prefect (or governor) of Athens.
    Rena Dourou completed an MA in Ideology and Discourse Analysis in 2001, a course that I teach. First encounters with new students at university can often be misleading. But this was not the case with Rena. From the beginning, I found that she was intellectually curious, forthright in her political views, and utterly committed to succeeding (which she did).
    The ideas that Dourou was exposed to while studying at Essex have had a clear influence on herself and Syriza. Her MA course was inspired by the late Professor Ernesto Laclau, a political exile from Argentina. A key aspect of his approach focusses on the emergence of populist movements and their ideas.
    The connections between Syriza and Laclau’s theory are easy to see. For one thing, Laclau rejected the view that populist leaders are always right-wing demagogues and that populist parties are inherently anti-democratic. On the contrary, he argues that populism is an essential ingredient of modern democratic societies: it functions to represent the marginalised voice of the underdog in society.

    Populism also exhibits a distinctive mode of building political coalitions: connecting together demands expressed by those who are marginalised. Syriza built its political coalition in this way, binding together different demands by focussing on their opposition to a common enemy. In the case of Greece (and also Spain) the common enemy is austerity, and the political agents and forces that have foisted this policy on reluctant populations.
    Of course, populism can be expressed in various forms. It can easily be cast in a right-wing politics that blames immigrants and other scapegoats for unemployment and declining public services. But there is another link between Laclau and Syriza: their commitment to democracy, albeit in a more radical sense than our current neo-liberal settlements.
    While Laclau emanates from a Marxist background, his post-Marxist political theory affirms the values of democracy and political liberalism. What he (and his co-author Chantal Mouffe) have termed “radical democracy” demands that equality and freedom are extended beyond the formal institutions of parliament and the state, but run throughout society.
    The biggest challenge for a populist movement such as Syriza is to transform itself from a vibrant politics of protest into an efficient and democratic instrument of governance. The world will watch with interest if Syriza, and its Essex alumni leaders, can negotiate these difficult challenges in the months to come.
    Professor David Howarth teaches in the Department of Government at the University of Essex 





*****
  1. Darrell Winfield
  2. Darrell H. Winfield was an American rancher and model best known as "The Marlboro Man" in television commercials and magazine advertisements for Marlboro cigarettes. Winfield was born in Kansas, Oklahoma. Wikipedia
  3. Born1929
  4. SpouseLennie L. Spring (m. ?–2015)



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Darrell H. Winfield (July 30, 1929 – January 12, 2015) was an American rancher and model[1] best known as "The Marlboro Man" intelevision commercials and magazine advertisements for Marlboro cigarettes. Winfield was born in KansasOklahoma. His family relocated to California's San Joaquin Valley when he was 6 years old. This move was inspired by the "Okie migration" that was prominent in the 1930s where many mid-west farmers, devastated by the Dust Bowl, headed west to California to start over.[2] He was the Marlboro man from 1968 until 1989.[2] He is also credited with being the most portrayed man in the world by some.[3] Philip Morrishas used many cowboys for their ads but has declared that Winfield was "really the Marlboro man." [4][5]
As an adult, Winfield moved to Wyoming and began ranching. Executives from Leo Burnett Worldwide, an advertising agency, visited the ranch where Winfield was working in June 1968 to take photographs for a new Phillip Morris sales campaign. They liked Winfield's looks and asked him if he would be interested in working for Marlboro.
The first Marlboro advertisement that Winfield appeared in was "The Sheriff".[6]
In a 1986 interview, Winfield stated that he thinks that his "life would have basically been the same" if he had not been given the chance to work for Marlboro. He died in Riverton, Wyoming on January 12, 2015, aged 85.[7]
****

He needed no name, because it didn’t matter. He was alone by choice in the vastness of the hills and plains, running his cattle and closely encountering wild white horses: alone save for that manly cigarette lodged in his thin, grim lips. Darrell Winfield, the “real” Marlboro Man, died on January 12th, aged 85 http://econ.st/1CK6Gnv



OVER the years, all sorts were tried. One was a navy football coach; one ran a fencing company. One was a jobbing actor in police dramas; one lived in the New York...
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