2016年5月1日 星期日

Oskar Schindler, Nicholas Winton,黃霑

The humanitarian efforts of Oskar Schindler—who was born on April 28th 1908—are known to many from the 1993 film "Schindler's List". A flawed but opportunistic industrialist, Schindler helped to save over 1,000 Jews from deportation to concentration camps



Nicholas Winton honoured by Czechs for saving children from Nazis
Czech Kindertransport founder Sir Nicholas Winton pictured at his home in MaidenheadSir Nicholas's actions to save Jews from the Nazis remained little known until the 1980s

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A British man who saved 669 children, most of them Jews, from the Nazis has been awarded the Czech Republic's highest state honour.
Sir Nicholas Winton was 29 when he arranged trains to take the children out of occupied Czechoslovakia and for foster families to meet them in London.
The 105-year-old was given the Order of the White Lion by the Czech president during a ceremony at Prague Castle.
In a speech, he thanked the British people who gave the children homes.
He said: "Thank you all for this enormous expression of thanks for something which happened to me nearly 100 years ago and a 100 years is a heck of a long time.
"I am delighted that so many of the children are still about and are here to thank me."
He went on: "I thank the British people for making room for them to accept them and of course the enormous help given by so many of the Czechs who were at that time doing what they could to fight the Germans and to try to get the children out."
'No fear'
The remarkable mission of the man dubbed the "British Schindler" only came to light in the late 1980s.
It began in 1938 after the Nazi occupation of the Sudetenland, the name for areas of pre-war Czechoslovakia.
He visited refugee camps outside Prague and decided to help children secure British permits in the same way children from other countries had been rescued by "kindertransports".
At the time he was a stockbroker in London and being from a German Jewish family he said he was well aware of the urgency of the situation.
'English Schindler' Winton reunited with rescued children on That's Life in 1988
"I knew better than most, and certainly better than the politicians, what was going on in Germany. We had staying with us people who were refugees from Germany at that time. Some who knew they were in danger of their lives," he told BBC Radio 4's Today programme ahead of his visit to Prague.
But he said he was not afraid to help: "There was no personal fear involved."
Sir Nicholas used his powers as a diplomat to organise a total of eight trains from Prague to London and helped to find foster families for the refugees.
He said he was aware that many children would have died if it had not been for his actions, but added: "That's what was happening all over Europe."
A ninth train - the largest, carrying 250 children - was prevented from leaving by the outbreak of before World War Two. None of those children is believed to have survived.
'We have not learnt'
BBC Prague correspondent Rob Cameron said Sir Nicholas enjoyed "a life of relative obscurity" in England but in the Czech Republic he was "treated with enormous gratitude and respect".
Undated family handout picture of Nicholas Winton with one of the children he rescuedSir Nicholas was working as a stockbroker when he got involved in helping children come to Britain
The Czech defence ministry sent a special plane to take Sir Nicholas to Prague where he also met some of the people he rescued 75 years ago - themselves now in their 80s.
Our correspondent said the RAF veteran, who has a passion for planes, accepted the flight invitation on condition that he be allowed into the cockpit.
Sir Nicholas, who lives in Maidenhead, was born in May 1909.
He did not tell anyone about his actions for 50 years, until his wife found a scrapbook.
Sir Nicholas Winton reflects on his life
He was knighted by the Queen in March 2003 and a year earlier was finally reunited with hundreds of the children he saved - including Labour peer Lord Dubs and film director Karel Reisz - at a gathering for 5,000 descendants of the "Winton children".
His efforts have been likened to the work of German businessman Oskar Schindler, whose saving of Jews was dramatised in the film Schindler's List.
When asked what he made of today's world, Sir Nicholas responded: "I don't think we've ever learnt from the mistakes of the past...
"The world today is now in a more dangerous situation than it has ever been and so long as you've got weapons of mass destruction which can finish off any conflict nothing is safe any more."
不過Run Run來源亦眾說紛紜,多年前邵逸夫接受黃霑訪問,就提起他聽到的一個版本,他說:「我在當office boy,老闆常常揮手叫我跑過去:"Run!Run!"於是我的英文名字變成Run Run。」

活躍年代1970年代—2004年
網站  黃霑紀念網站
黃霑Wong JimJames,1941年3月16日-2004年11月24日),原名黃湛森,生於中國廣東廣州籍貫廣東番禺,於1949年移居香港,曾為天主教徒,晚年潛修佛學香港大學哲學博士,著名香港填詞人、廣告人、作家傳媒創作人,創作接近2000首流行曲,於中港三地獲獎無數,乃當代粵語流行歌曲重要人物之一。有「香港鬼才[1]、「香港四大才子」之一的封號。著名填詞作品包括《家變》、《獅子山下》、《問我》、《奮鬥》、《上海灘》、《楚留香》、《滄海一聲笑》等;經典廣告作品包括1975年香港家庭計劃指導會提倡節育的「兩個夠晒數(兩個孩子就夠多了)口號、1980年代初的「人頭馬一開,好事自然來」廣告順口溜。自他病故後,香港文化界高度推崇他對香港文化的貢獻。




香港鬼才藝人黃霑曾在《明報》專欄「自喜集」中提及:『覺得香港是家的感覺,不是一開始便有的,我們出來此地全家都是過客的心情....然後就漸漸愛上她了。』
愛上她之後,為了保護所愛,香港的年輕人大聲喊出他們心聲。2012年,香港藝人黃耀明與劉以達開唱"兜兜轉轉演演唱唱會",找來學民思潮的成員高唱Pink Floyd 的 Another Brick in the Wall。年僅15歲的黃之峰在舞台上面對上萬的觀眾,展現他一向穩健台風,拿著麥克風一字一句清楚的說:「反對國民教育科這條路,為下一代....我們....責。無。旁。貸!」
今天晚上10點紀錄觀點【未夠秤】,一起來看看香港的年輕人用他們的方式愛他們的故鄉。

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