2015年12月26日 星期六

Sir John Reith, Reith Lectures




Reith Lectures

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Reith Lectures is a series of annual radio lectures given by leading figures of the day, commissioned by the BBC and broadcast on BBC Radio 4 and the BBC World Service. The lectures were inaugurated in 1948 by the BBC to mark the historic contribution made to public service broadcasting by Sir John Reith, the corporation's first director-general.
Lord Reith maintained that broadcasting should be a public service which enriches the intellectual and cultural life of the nation. It is in this spirit that the BBC each year invites a leading figure to deliver a series of lectures on radio. The aim is to advance public understanding and debate about significant issues of contemporary interest.[1]
The first Reith lecturer was the philosopher and Nobel laureateBertrand Russell. The first female lecturer was Dame Margery Perham in 1961, who spoke on the impact of colonialism in her series of talks entitled The Colonial Reckoning.[2] The youngest Reith Lecturer was Colin Blakemore, who was 30 years old in 1976 when he broadcast six lectures on the brain and consciousness, titledMechanics of the Mind.[3]

The Reith Lectures Archive[edit]

Excerpt from a lecture
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Part of a lecture by Martin Reesrecorded June 2010

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In June 2011 BBC Radio 4 published its Reith Lectures archive.[4] This included two podcasts featuring over 240 lectures from 1948 to the present day as well as streamed online audio, and the complete written transcripts of the entire Reith Lectures archive:
  • Podcast 1: Archive 1948–1975[5]
  • Podcast 2: Archive 1976–2012[6]
  • Transcripts 1948–2010 [7]
  • In pictures[8]
The BBC found that some of the audio archive of the Reith Lectures was missing from its library and appealed to the public for copies of the missing lectures.[4]

The Reith Lectures 1948 - 2014[edit]


1940s[edit]
1948 Bertrand Russell, Authority and the Individual

The theme of the first lecture is social cohesion and human nature.

Reith himself said of Russell that he spoke “too quickly and had a bad…
BBC.IN


1949 Robert Birley, Britain in Europe
Transcripts
1950s[edit]
1950 John Zachary Young, Doubt and Certainty in Science
1951 Lord Radcliffe, Power and the State
1952 Arnold J. Toynbee, The World and the West
1953 Robert Oppenheimer, Science and the Common Understanding
1954 Oliver Franks, Britain and the Tide of World Affairs
1955 Nikolaus Pevsner, The Englishness of English Art
1956 Edward Victor Appleton, Science and the Nation
1957 George F. Kennan, Russia, the Atom and the West
1958 Bernard Lovell, The Individual and the Universe
1959 Peter Medawar, The Future of Man
Transcripts[9]
1960s[edit]
1960 Edgar Wind, Art and Anarchy
1961 Margery Perham, The Colonial Reckoning
1962 George Carstairs, This Island Now
1963 Albert Sloman, A University in the Making
1964 Leon Bagrit, The Age of Automation
1965 Robert Gardiner, World of Peoples
1966 John K. Galbraith, The New Industrial State
1967 Edmund Leach, A Runaway World
1968 Lester Pearson, In the Family of Man
1969 Frank Fraser Darling, Wilderness and Plenty
Transcripts[10]
1970s[edit]
1970 Donald Schon, Change and Industrial Society
1971 Richard Hoggart, Only Connect
1972 Andrew Shonfield, Europe: Journey to an Unknown Destination
1973 Alastair Buchan, Change Without War
1974 Ralf Dahrendorf, The New Liberty
1975 Daniel Boorstin, America and the World Experience
1976 Colin Blakemore, Mechanics of the Mind
1977 A. H. Halsey, Change in British Society
1978 Edward Norman, Christianity and the World
1979 Ali Mazrui, The African Condition
Transcripts[11]
1980s[edit]
1980 Professor Sir Ian Kennedy, Unmasking Medicine
1981 Laurence Martin, The Two Edged Sword
1982 Denis Donoghue, The Arts Without Mystery
1983 Douglas Wass, Government and the Governed
1984 John Searle, Minds, Brains and Science
1985 David Henderson, Innocence and Design
1986 Lord McCluskey, Law, Justice and Democracy
1987 Alexander Goehr, The Survival of the Symphony
1988 Geoffrey Hosking, The Rediscovery of Politics
1989 Jacques Darras, Beyond the Tunnel of History
Transcripts[12]
1990s[edit]
1990 Jonathan Sacks, The Persistence of Faith
1991 Steve Jones, The Language of Genes
There were no Reith Lectures in 1992
1993 Edward Said, Representation of the Intellectual
1994 Marina Warner, Managing Monsters
1995 Richard Rogers, Sustainable City
1996 Jean Aitchison, The Language Web
1997 Patricia Williams, The Genealogy of Race
1998 John Keegan, War in Our World
1999 Anthony Giddens, The Runaway World
Transcripts[13]
2000s[edit]
2000 Chris Patten, Sir John Browne, Thomas Lovejoy, Gro Harlem Brundtland, Vandana Shiva, Charles, Prince of Wales, Respect for the Earth
2001 Tom Kirkwood, The End of Age
2002 Onora O'Neill, A Question of Trust?
2003 Vilayanur S. Ramachandran, The Emerging Mind
2004 Wole Soyinka, Climate of Fear
2005 Lord Broers, The Triumph of Technology
2006 Daniel Barenboim, In the Beginning was Sound
2007 Jeffrey Sachs, Bursting at the Seams
2008 Professor Jonathan Spence, Chinese Vistas
2009 Michael Sandel, A New Citizenship [14]
Transcripts[15]
2010s[edit]
2010 Martin Rees, Scientific Horizons
2011 Aung San Suu Kyi and Baroness Manningham-Buller, Securing Freedom
2012 Niall Ferguson The Rule of Law and its Enemies
2013 Grayson Perry Playing to the Gallery
2014 Atul Gawande The Future of Medicine[16]
Transcripts[17]
References[edit]

Jump up^ "Radio 4 - The Reith Lectures - About Reith". BBC. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
Jump up^ The Colonial Reckoning
Jump up^ Mechanics of the Mind
^ Jump up to:a b "BBC Radio 4 unveils 60 years of Reith Lectures archive".BBC News. 2011-06-26.
Jump up^ Reith Lectures Archive 1948–1975
Jump up^ Reith Lectures Archive 1976–2010
Jump up^ Reith Lectures 1948– 2010 Written Transcripts
Jump up^ In Pictures: The BBC Reith Lectures
Jump up^ 1950s Transcripts
Jump up^ 1960s Transcripts
Jump up^ 1970s Transcripts
Jump up^ 1980sTranscripts
Jump up^ 1990s Transcripts
Jump up^ "Harvard University Professor Michael Sandel to give Radio 4's Reith Lectures 2009". BBC. 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2009-02-25.
Jump up^ 2000s Transcripts
Jump up^ Dr Atul Gawande - 2014 Reith Lectures
Jump up^ 2010s Transcripts
External links[edit]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Reith Lectures.

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