2010年11月7日 星期日

西薇‧姬蘭 Sylvie Guillem

Guillem, Sylvie (b Paris, 23 Feb. 1965). French dancer. After early training as a gymnast she studied at the Paris Opera Ballet School (1977-80) and joined the Paris Opera Ballet in 1981. A protégée of Nureyev, she quickly came to prominence and early on created leading roles in Forsythe's France/Dance (1984), van Dantzig's No Man's Land (1984), Armitage's GV 10 (1984), Child's Premier Orage (1984), Christe's Before Nightfall (1985), and Béjart's Mouvement-Rythme-Étude (1985). She was promoted to étoile in 1984 after her first performance of Swan Lake. In 1986 she created the leading role in Nureyev's Hollywood-era Cinderella and a principal role in Béjart's Arepo; in 1987 she created a leading role in Forsythe's In the middle somewhat elevated and in Neumeier's Magnificat. But in 1989, following a disagreement with Nureyev, she moved to London's Royal Ballet, where she became a principal guest artist. Her repertoire with the Royal Ballet includes the leading roles in Giselle, La Bayadère, Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, Swan Lake, Romeo and Juliet, Month in the Country, Manon, Don Quixote, Symphony in C, Grand Pas Classique, Herman Schmerman, and In the middle somewhat elevated. in 2000 she inherited Fonteyn's role in the first revival of Ashton's Marguerite and Armand. In 2002 she took the title role when the Royal Ballet staged Mats Ek's Carmen. She is a busy international guest artist. She is widely regarded as one of the most brilliant technicians in the world and is also much acclaimed as a powerful dance actress. Her collaboration with the choreographer Russell Maliphant resulted in two award-winning creations, Broken Fall (2003) and Push (2005). In 1998 she staged Giselle for the Finnish National Ballet. Gold medal Varna 1983. Pavlova Prize (1989).


西薇‧姬蘭 Sylvie Guillem



這一張紀錄片拍攝時間從2007年一月到2009年二月,以鏡頭描繪被譽為「天下第一腿」的法國芭蕾舞家西薇‧姬蘭不平凡的舞台生涯。

西 薇‧姬蘭曾經說過,她對於自己不斷前進,卻不知道終點在何處感到恐慌。矛盾的是,她不是一名單純的芭蕾舞家,而是不斷嘗試為芭蕾融入新的表演元素。是什 麼樣的力量促使這名已經年過四十的芭蕾巨星願意承擔這些風險與恐慌?這就是這部紀錄片的重點。影片從西薇‧姬蘭十二歲放棄體操,進入巴黎歌劇院舞蹈學校開 始說起。十九歲與紐瑞耶夫合作《天鵝湖》後,西薇‧姬蘭成了舞台明星,但是她不願意走眾多前輩的老路,於是離開巴黎歌劇院,自我「放逐」到倫敦,不斷探 索、學習與超越自己。

除了西薇‧姬蘭在世界各地演出《羅密歐與茱麗葉》、《唐吉訶德》、《睡美人》、《天鵝湖》等經典舞碼的片段,更重 要的是,它收錄了西薇‧姬蘭近年最重要的 新作:著名加拿大導演勒帕熱與編舞家羅素‧馬列分特、西薇‧姬蘭聯手合作的《Eonnagata》排練片段、羅素‧馬列分特、西薇‧姬蘭的雙人舞 《Push》,以及林懷民與阿喀郎為西薇‧姬蘭編舞,融合印度傳統卡達克舞蹈的《聖獸舞姬》。

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Sylvie Guillem CBE (born 23 February 1965 in Paris, France[1]) is a French ballet dancer. She was the top-ranking female dancer with the Paris Opera Ballet from 1984 to 1989, before becoming a principal guest artist with the Royal Ballet in London. She is currently performing contemporary dance as an Associate Artist of London's Sadler's Wells Theatre. Her most notable performances have included those in Giselle and in Rudolf Nureyev's stagings of Swan Lake and Don Quixote.

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Biography

As a child, Guillem trained in gymnastics under the instruction of her mother, a gymnastics teacher.[1] In 1977, at age 11, she began training at the Paris Opera Ballet School, and in 1981 joined the company's corps de ballet.[1] In 1983 Guillem won the gold medal at the Varna International Ballet Competition, which later in the year earned her her first solo role, dancing the Queen of the Driads in Rudolf Nureyev's staging of Don Quixote.[1] In December 1984, after her performance in Nureyev's Swan Lake, Guillem became the Paris Opera Ballet's youngest ever etoile, the company's top-ranking female dancer.[1] In 1987 she performed the lead role in William Forsythe's contemporary ballet, In the Middle, Somewhat Elevated. In 1988 Guillem was given the title role in a production of Giselle staged by the Royal Ballet to celebrate Nureyev's 50th birthday. Her performance was a success, and in the following year she left Paris for London, to become a freelance performer and one of the Royal Ballet's principal guest artists.[1] Her desire to work independently from a company gained her the nickname Mademoiselle Non.[2]

In 1995 Guillem created the dance television program, Evidentia, which won several international awards. In 1998 she staged her own version of Giselle for the Finnish National Ballet, and in 2001 restaged the ballet for La Scala Ballet in Milan.[1] In 2001 she became the first winner of the Nijinsky Prize for the world's best ballerina, although in her acceptance speech she criticised the "supermarket culture" of such awards. In the same year, she controversially appeared nude and without make-up in a photo-shoot for French Vogue.[3] In 2003 she directed the central section of a Nureyev tribute program, but was criticised for having the dancers perform in front of a giant projected backdrop of Nureyev, which the audience found distracting.[4] By 2006 Guillem had moved from ballet to contemporary dance, working with performers such as Akram Khan as an Associate Artist of the Sadler's Wells Theatre in London. As of 2006, Guillem was in a long-term relationship with photographer Gilles Tapie.[5]

Guillem has received numerous decorations during her career. She received Médaille de Vermeil de la ville de Paris in 1993. She was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur in 1994, an Officier of the Ordre national du Mérite in 1999, Gente Dame d’Honneur des Hospitaliers de Pomerol in 2000, a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 2003.[6] , and a Officier of the Légion d'honneur in 2009.

She has now become one of the most prominent figures in the history of ballet.

Repertoire

Guillem's repertoire includes Giselle (Giselle), Swan Lake (Odette/Odile), Don Quixote (Kitri), In the Middle, Somewhat Elevated, Romeo and Juliet (Juliet), The Sleeping Beauty (Aurora), Boléro, Cinderella, Notre-Dame de Paris, Raymonda, La Bayadère (Nikiya and Gamzatti), Fall River Legend, Prince of the Pagodas (Princess Rose), Hermann Schmermann, Le Martyre de Saint-Sébastien, and Sacred Monsters (with Akram Khan).

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Encyclopaedia Britannica Year in Review 2002. Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2003. pp. 75–76. ISBN 0852299575.
  2. ^ Brown, Ismene (2006-09-21). "Smoking!". The First Post. http://www.thefirstpost.co.uk/795,arts,,3. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  3. ^ Brown, Ismene (2002-03-30). "Sylvie's wake-up call". The Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2002/03/30/btisme30.xml. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  4. ^ "Royal Ballet Guest Principals". Ballet.co. http://www.ballet.co.uk/links/dancers_rb_guest_principals.htm#sylvie_guillem. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  5. ^ Mackrell, Judith (2006-09-14). "Fear is the drug". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/stage/2006/sep/14/dance. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  6. ^ "Sylvie Guillem Biography". Official website of Sylvie Guillem. http://sylvieguillem.com/sylvie/biography. Retrieved 2008-07-31.

External links

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