2017年11月24日 星期五

Elon Musk, 王傳福 Wang Chuanfu,; Horthy Miklós, Willy Brandt 1913-1992

BYD Takes #1 Electric Car Spot As Electric Car Sales Triple In China ...

https://cleantechnica.com/.../byd-takes-1-electric-car-spot-as-electric...
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2016/01/20 - BYD Takes #1 Electric Car Spot As Electric Car Sales Triple In China (Video Interview) ... In 2014, Wang Chuanfu, founder and chairman of BYD, actually won the Zayed Future Energy Prize Lifetime ..... Opinions and comments published on this site may not be sanctioned by, and do not necessarily represent the views of Sustainable Enterprises Media, Inc., its owners, sponsors, affiliates ...
【即時頭條】「中國版馬斯克」 王傳福準備上演壓軸大戲
數十年來,中國的金融專家一直認為富有遠見卓識的綠色科技創業者、電池和電動汽車製造商比亞迪公司的行政總裁王傳福有望躋身主宰全球汽車行業的實業家之列。九年前,投資巨擘巴菲特(Warren Buffett)收購了比亞迪10%的股份。然而汽油動力汽車仍然在中國和全世界占主導地位,這讓王傳福一直處在一些汽車大亨的陰影之下,這當中包括了雷諾(Renault)的行政總裁古森(Carlos Ghosn)、通用汽車(General Motors)的巴拉(Mary Barra),以及大眾汽車(Volkswagen)的穆勒(Matthias Müller)。
如今,在創辦比亞迪公司22年之後,王傳福可能終於要揚眉吐氣了。比亞迪的股價回到高位,投資者都押注中國的環保政策將會助力比亞迪的銷售。比亞迪目前已經成長為中國最大的電動汽車銷售商。中國政府9月表示,正在制定停止生產銷售傳統能源汽車的時間表,並公佈了一個「排放配額與交易」項目,要求燃油汽車製造商向電動汽車製造商購買積分或者自己生產電動汽車,無論是哪一種結果都對比亞迪是極大的利好。
王傳福預計中國到2025年將要求公共汽車、的士、物流車輛和清潔車等公用事業車輛以電能為動力,到2030年要求停止銷售所有排放尾氣的汽車。這將與英國和法國等國家的積極承諾步伐一致。「收穫的季節就要來了,」王傳福說,「中國的時間表不會落後於歐洲國家。」
投資者表示贊同。自8月以來,比亞迪的股票在香港交易已經上漲了44%,達到每股70港元(約合8.97美元)。摩根大通的汽車業分析師賴以哲(Nick Lai)預測,這隻股票可能再上漲約40%,超過2009年巴菲特宣佈投資後達到的高點。
比亞迪是一家圍繞電池核心技術打造的硬件創新企業。投資諮詢公司Automobility的創辦人魯索(Bill Russo)表示,作為一家中國公司,比亞迪在生產經濟型電動汽車方面可能具有得天獨厚的優勢,「作為中國的領先電動汽車製造商,他們面臨的形勢似乎比以往任何時候都更加有利。」
雖然王傳福常常被稱作中國的馬斯克(Elon Musk),但也許說馬斯克是美國的王傳福才更加準確。兩人都因為大力投資開發鋰離子電池動力汽車,打破了內燃機長達一個世紀的壟斷而大獲成功。但是王傳福一直領先於Tesla這位美國的創新者,早在2003年他就創辦了手機電池生產企業,打造了第一家大型汽車電池工廠。王傳福在2008年銷售了自己的第一款大眾市場電動汽車,同年建起了第一家太陽能面板工廠,在2009年開始生產電動商務巴士。相比之下,Tesla公司2008年交付了第一輛電動汽車,2016年才進軍太陽能面板領域。
此外,王傳福還在汽車銷售和利潤兩個關鍵指標上是無可爭議的領袖。2016年在中國,比亞迪銷售了100183輛新能源汽車(即電動汽車和混合動力汽車),其電動公共汽車在全球200個城市營運。Tesla在全世界銷售了76230輛電動汽車,尚未開始銷售新能源卡車或公共汽車。比亞迪2016年的利潤大幅增長了79%,達到51億元人民幣(約合7.68億美元),自2002年上市以來從未有過虧損。而已經成立14年的Tesla由於大筆投資產品開發,至今尚未盈利。
Tesla已經嘗試開發太空火箭以及一種未來主義的隧道運輸模式,王傳福不斷擴大的業務組合則紮根於可充電電池和太陽能—用於手機、汽車、電力供應,最近還增加了單軌鐵路方面的用途。Tesla位於美國內華達的超級工廠2017年開始生產電池,預計到2018年能實現每年35千兆瓦時的裝機容量。王傳福說,比亞迪已經擁有16千兆瓦時的汽車電池生產能力,正在與其他汽車製造商討論為其供應電池。
王傳福「意識到生產高質量電池的關鍵因素之一並不是科技,而是生產能力」,伯克希爾哈撒韋公司的前任高層索科爾(David Sokol)說。他於2008年來到中國為巴菲特調查這筆投資,後來加入了比亞迪董事會。「他的天才之處在於認識到生產質量決定了一切,」比亞迪的英文名稱BYD即是「打造你的夢想(Build Your Dream)」的英文縮寫,公司追求的是王傳福所說的綠色夢想:太陽能工廠、能源存儲站和電動汽車,它們都有助於世界的可持續發展。
王傳福也曾遭受質疑。當他在2003年宣佈他的手機電池公司將收購一家汽車製造商時,投資者紛紛撤資,當時的公司股價在三天時間下跌了31%。五年後,比亞迪的F3是中國銷量最好的車型,公司已經開始銷售第一款雙模插電式混合動力汽車。那一年,巴菲特的中美能源控股公司(MidAmerican Energy Holdings Co.)現在叫做伯克希爾哈撒韋能源(Berkshire Hathaway Energy Co.)決定以18億港元(當時相當於2.32億美元)的價格收購比亞迪10%的股份。這家美國公司的投資目前價值約160億港元。王傳福「是一個無比聰明的人,」索科爾說,「在我們參觀他們的公司時,可以看出處處都能顯示出他對細節的關注。」
中國2008年新能源汽車銷售總量僅為2.4萬部,然而到了2015年,比亞迪已經成為世界上最大的電動汽車生產商,並延伸到電動公共汽車、叉車、道路清掃車和輕型卡車生產。一年之後,韓國巨頭三星電子(Samsung Electronics Co.)加入了這場盛宴,斥資30億元(約合4.49億美元)收購了比亞迪2%的股份,投資額幾乎是巴菲特的兩倍,持有的比亞迪股份卻僅是巴菲特的五分之一。撰文/彭博社


Elon Musk just met that 100-day deadline to get Australia a giant Tesla ...

https://www.sciencealert.com/elon-musk-100-day-deadline-50-milli...
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1 日前 - Elon Musk will get paid for building the world's largest lithium ion battery in South Australia, with testing on the 100-megawatt project about to begin ahead of next week's December 1 deadline to build it in 100 days, or it's free.

Elon Musk, Uber's Kalanick join Trump's business adviser team
www.usatoday.com/story/tech/news/2016/12/14/...trumps...adviser.../95416356/

 - Tesla CEO Elon Musk and Uber CEO Travis Kalanick will join President-elect DonaldTrump's Strategic and Policy Forum, giving the tech ...

A blend of financial laboratory, corporate labyrinth and buttock-clenching thrill ride, Musk Inc has pushed the boundary of what was thought possible


Elon Musk's finances are as jaw-dropping, inventive and combustible as his space rockets
An assessment of Musk Inc
ECONOMIST.COM
2014年 06月 13日 08:38

特斯拉稱將開放專利技術
Getty Images
2013年8月,加州費利蒙,一名男子在特斯拉工廠外準備將他的特斯拉S連上充電樁。

斯拉汽車(Tesla Motors Inc.)周四在博客上稱,該公司將開放專利技術,不會向使用其專利技術的公司提出侵權訴訟。

該公司首席執行長馬斯克(Elon Musk)在博客上寫道,以往特斯拉帕洛阿爾托總部大廳內有一堵專利牆。如今不再是這樣了。特斯拉本著開源精神,為推動電動車技術拆掉了這堵牆。

馬斯克在博客上稱,競爭并非來自其他電動汽車制造商,而是來自燃油汽車制造商。

他說,相信特斯拉、其他電動車制造商以及全世界都將受益于這個共享的、快速更新的技術平台。

Mike Ramsey

Elon Musk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elon_Musk
Elon Musk is an American business magnate, investor, and inventor. He is currently the CEO & CTO of SpaceX and CEO & Chief Product Architect of Tesla ...

News for elon musk


  1. Raw Story ‎- 1 day ago
    The California-based SpaceX is owned by PayPal co-founder Elon Musk, and Blue Origin is a venture of Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos.

觀點Opinion

老鷹的高度,螞蟻的深度

一三年近尾聲,又是一個盤點的季節:今年,做了什麼不一樣的事?
太多的企業說自己正在創新,太多的領導者宣示「不創新就淘汰」,然而,創新,是多麼難的一件事,百中取一的成功率,就稱得上傑出。如果低估其難度,那麼,極可能因害怕失敗,或給出極不相稱的資源,而變成一場場「家家酒格局」的創新。
這一期,我們要跟大家分享一個人物:Elon Musk(馬斯克)。
Google創辦人佩吉(Larry Page)這麼描述他:「我有多少資產呢(約合新台幣七千四百億元)?如果我今天被巴士撞死,我應該把這一切都留給Elon。」
馬斯克,才四十二歲,卻正計畫著讓人類移民火星,讓汽油車從馬路上消失,讓太陽成為能源的主要來源……。太空、網路、乾淨能源,每一個夢都極其巨大,但短短十四年內:全球第一家成功發射火箭的私人企業、全球第一家量產純電動車的公司、全球服務範圍最廣的網購第三方支付平台、全美最大住宅型太陽能安裝廠,所有不可能的夢想,在他身上,竟然陸續變成可能。
如果說,一九九年代,比爾蓋茲改寫了電腦史;二○○○年代,賈伯斯改變了人們的溝通模式;那麼,二年代,馬斯克將是你最需要認識的世紀夢想家。
即便身價達二千三百億元,但馬斯克說:「證明一件事很酷,遠比賺錢更重要!」在人們逐漸失去作夢的勇氣時,我們選擇了馬斯克為今年的《商業周刊》年度人物。
然而,偉大的夢想要實現,光憑熱情是不夠的,還得擁有高超的執行力,就像一台夢想轉換機般,經過一套高明而縝密的執行步驟,讓夢想成真。
馬斯克之所以不同凡響,正因為他身上擁有這兩種衝突的特質:夢想如老鷹的高度,執行力卻有螞蟻的深度。有人形容,他是一個「醒著作夢」的人;因為晚上作夢的人一覺醒來,面對的是一場虛幻;但醒著作夢的人,卻會付諸行動,讓自己的夢想變成現實。
一三年底,與您分享,馬斯克狂想曲,一個集天才、科學家、富豪、商人於一身的人。


今年你一定要認識Elon Musk
他,更勝賈伯斯
全球最大純電動車廠老闆馬斯克,一個啟動網路付款時代、讓開車不必再加油,還想幫人類移民火星的人;他,被電影《鋼鐵人》用來塑造主角性格,也是全球矚目,最可能超越賈伯斯的狂想家。42歲就身價2,310億元,他說:「證明一件事很酷,比賺錢更重要。」
http://ibw.bwnet.com.tw/image/pool/2013/12/d451e81a3897cb10f2dbc38094823b98.jpg

0.025% 
這個小數點後四碼才出現的微小數字,毫不起眼,但它卻藏著一個掀起世界改變的想像空間。 
這個數字,是《商業周刊》所選出的2013年年度人物,特斯拉(Tesla)執行長伊隆.馬斯克(Elon Musk),所創造的特斯拉電動車,在全球車市的市占率。 
你沒看錯,只有10萬分之25 
他會入選的原因,不只是今年來,特斯拉股價一度大漲超過470,帶動台灣汽車相關類股大漲,更是因為他向世界證明了一個夢想成真的真實奇蹟:不加一滴油的純電動車,真的能夠上路,而且還能夠獲利。 
2013年即將過去,全球經濟仍未見復甦,他卻能在這樣的不景氣下,對百年的汽車工業,帶來一場現在進行式的革命巨變,因而被公認為「下一個賈伯斯」,入選今年《時代》(Time)百大影響人物榜,登上《財星》(Fortune2013年度商界人物的榜首,是最有影響力的夢想家。 
201110月,蘋果創辦人賈伯斯過世後,全世界的人都在討論,誰會是下一個賈伯斯?「馬斯克的名字,從這個時候開始,總是被提到。」矽谷創投「創業家基金」(Founders Fund)投資總監諾藍(Scott Nolan)接受《商業周刊》訪問時說。 
賈伯斯的夢想,讓全世界有近6億人為之癡狂,還被美國總統歐巴馬譽為「美國最偉大創新者」,馬斯克不僅被公認是最有可能超越賈伯斯的人,德國投資銀行貝倫堡(Berenberg)更建議蘋果執行長庫克(Tim Cook)應該購併特斯拉,尋求新生命力,因為馬斯克對產品的創新力,是最像賈伯斯的人。 
為了尋求這個解答,《商業周刊》採訪團隊從台北飛抵美國矽谷佛里曼市(Fremont),進入這座馬斯克實現夢想的大本營──特斯拉電動車總部。
本世紀最瘋狂夢想家 改變4大領域
這台最夯的電動車 關鍵零件來自台灣
  





Willy Brandt (German pronunciation: [ˈvɪli ˈbʁant]; born Herbert Frahm; 18 December 1913 – 8 October 1992) was a German statesman and politician, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, or SPD) from 1964 to 1987 and chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1969 to 1974. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971 for his efforts to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and the countries of the Soviet bloc. He was the first Social Democrat chancellor since 1930.
Though controversial in West Germany, Brandt's policy of Ostpolitik can be considered his most significant legacy and it aimed at improving relations with East GermanyPoland, and the Soviet Union. Of similar importance, the Brandt Report became a recognised measure for describing the general North-South divide in world economics and politics between an affluent North and a poor South.
Brandt resigned as Chancellor in 1974, after Günter Guillaume, one of his closest aides, was exposed as an agent of the Stasi, the East German secret service.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willy_Brandt

People

Germany marks Willy Brandt's 100th birthday with tribute

German and international figures have marked what would have been the 100th birthday of Willy Brandt, the first Social Democratic Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Willy Brandt 100. Geburtstag Lübeck 11.12.2013
Some 1,500 guests gathered Wednesday in the northern city of Lübeck to honor and remember the life of former Chancellor Willy Brandt just one week shy of what would have been his 100th birthday.
In the Music and Congress Hall in Lübeck, German President Joachim Gauck said that even more than 20 years after his death the political values ​​of Brandt are still felt. "Willy Brandt is still present - with everything that he embodied: his love of freedom, and his quest for peace and justice."
Gauck's Austrian counterpart Heinz Fischer, who was invited as a guest speaker, praised Brandt saying, "He had good friends, enthusiastic supporters and bitter enemies. But history has decided in his favor. Today we know that Germany and Europe were lucky to have Willy Brandt," Fischer said.
Born in Lübeck on December 18, 1913, Brandt was one of the greatest European statesmen of the 20th Century. In 1933, Brandt fled Germany for Norway to escape Nazi persecution.
After World War II, Brandt helped rebuild West Germany's Social Democratic Party (SPD) and in 1969 he was elected as the first Social Democratic Chancellor since 1930.
He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971 for his efforts to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and the countries of the Soviet Bloc. Brandt died in 1992 in Unkel near Bonn.
hc/lw (dpa, epd)



Elon Musk (/ˈlɒn ˈmʌsk/; born 28 June 1971) is a South African-born American business magnate, investor, and inventor.[2] He is best known for founding SpaceX and for co-founding Tesla Motors and PayPal (originally X.com). At SpaceX he is the CEO and Chief Designer and at Tesla Motors he is Chairman, CEO and Product Architect. Musk is also Chairman of SolarCity.








California is home to many clever people. One of them is Elon Musk, the hyperactive boss of Tesla Motors, an electric-car company, and SpaceX, a rocketry business. There is nothing Mr Musk likes more than revolutionising high-tech industries. And he thinks he has come up with a better way to get California moving than a standard high-speed train http://econ.st/13oc8Qj


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elon_Musk

hyperloop

On August 12, 2013, Musk unveiled a proposal for a new form of transportation between Los Angeles and San Francisco, after being disappointed with the approved California High-Speed Rail system. He named it "hyperloop", a subsonic air travel machine that stretches approximately 350 miles (560 km) from Los Angeles to San Francisco and will allow commuters to travel between the cities in 30 minutes or less, providing a shorter traveling time than even a commercial airplane can currently provide.[40] The idea is similar to the tubes used to ship mail or packages between buildings.[41]





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霍爾蒂·米克洛什
霍爾蒂·米克洛什匈牙利語Horthy Miklós德语Nikolaus von Horthy und Nagybánya,1868年6月18日-1957年2月9日),匈牙利的軍人與政治人物。

生平

霍爾蒂出身地主家庭,並且參與奧匈帝國海軍,在第一次世界大戰期間由於擊潰義大利亞得里亞海的海軍而馳名。1918年霍爾蒂以海軍少將名義轉任海軍艦隊司令官,直到第一次世界大戰的結束為止。
1919年匈牙利成立以貝拉·庫恩為首的匈牙利蘇維埃共和國,許多不滿匈牙利蘇維埃共和國的民眾便支持霍爾蒂與其軍隊,而霍爾蒂在顛覆了匈牙利蘇維埃共和國之後便掌握政權,成立匈牙利王國並出任王國攝政(國王之位空缺),建立軍事獨裁體制。
第二次世界大戰爆發後,霍爾蒂為了佔領捷克斯洛伐克以及羅馬尼亞兩國匈牙利人的居住地區而與希特勒結盟,而匈牙利也擴大了領土;但是1944年霍爾蒂有意退出戰爭並與德國斷交之時,便被德軍挾持至德國,德國方面並扶植了以箭十字黨為首的政權。戰後霍爾蒂被南斯拉夫戰爭罪要求引渡,但是被聯合國阻止。
1945年蘇聯紅軍佔領匈牙利後,霍爾蒂便流亡葡萄牙,到1957年過世時都未能再踏上匈牙利國土。直到匈牙利民主化之後,霍爾蒂的遺骸才於1993年歸葬匈牙利故鄉。

英文版有極詳細的生平介紹English
Miklós Horthy
Horthy the regent.jpg
Regent of Hungary
In office
1 March 1920 – 15 October 1944
Prime Minister Károly Huszár
S. Simonyi-Semadam
Pál Teleki
István Bethlen
Gyula Károlyi
Gyula Gömbös
Kálmán Darányi
Béla Imrédy
Pál Teleki
F. Keresztes-Fischer (acting)
László Bárdossy
F. Keresztes-Fischer (acting)
Miklós Kállay
Döme Sztójay
Géza Lakatos
Preceded by Károly Huszár (acting)
Succeeded by Ferenc Szálasia
Personal details
Born Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya
18 June 1868
Kenderes, Austria-Hungary
Died 9 February 1957 (aged 88)
Estoril, Portugal
Political party None
Spouse(s) M. Purgly de Jószáshely
Children 4
Religion Calvinism

a. As "Leader of the Nation".

  1. Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya (Hungarian: Vitéz[1] nagybányai Horthy Miklós; Hungarian pronunciation: [viteːz nɒɟbaːɲɒi horti mikloːʃ]; German: Nikolaus von Horthy und Nagybánya; 18 June 1868 – 9 February 1957) was regent of the Kingdom of Hungary during the years between World Wars I and II and throughout most of World War II, serving from 1 March 1920 to 15 October 1944. He was styled "His Serene Highness the Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary" (Hungarian: Ő Főméltósága a Magyar Királyság Kormányzója). A self-proclaimed anti-Semite[2][3] with a strong contempt for Bolshevism,[4] he was at the center of Hungary's rise of fascism[5] and involvement in the Holocaust.[6][7][8]

Horthy started his career as an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Navy, ultimately rising to the rank of Admiral. He served in the Otranto Raid and at the Battle of the Strait of Otranto (1917) and was its commander-in-chief in the last year of the First World War.
After Hungarian communists under Béla Kun seized power in Hungary in 1919, proclaiming the Hungarian Soviet Republic and commencing Hungary's Red Terror, a counterrevolutionary government was formed which asked Horthy to take command of its forces. In 1919, Romanian, Czechoslovakian and Yugoslavian forces invaded Hungary and later the Romanian army overthrew Kun's government. He allowed Hungary's White Terror to persist at first but eventually shut it down and imprisoned a few extremists among the anti-communists. When the Romanians evacuated Budapest in November 1919, Horthy entered at the head of the National Army.
The Hungarian Communist Party was banned, and in 1920 Horthy was declared Regent and Head of State, a position he held until his deposition in October 1944. Horthy refused to step down when the former King of Hungary, Charles IV attempted to regain his throne on two occasions. Later in 1921, the Hungarian parliament formally nullified the Pragmatic Sanction, an act that effectively dethroned the Habsburgs.
A conservative who was distinctly inclined toward the right of the political spectrum, Horthy guided Hungary through the years between the two world wars and, in exchange for the restoration of some of the Hungarian territories lost by the Treaty of Trianon, he took Hungary into an alliance with Nazi Germany.
In April 1941, Hungary entered World War II as an ally of Germany. Horthy's faltering allegiance to his German patrons, however, eventually led the Nazis to invade and take control of the country in March 1944. In October 1944, Horthy announced that Hungary would surrender and withdraw from the Axis. He was forced to resign, placed under arrest and taken to Bavaria. At the end of the war, he came under the custody of American troops.
After appearing as a witness at the Nuremberg war-crimes trials in 1948, Horthy settled and lived out his remaining years in Portugal. His memoirs, Ein Leben für Ungarn (A Life for Hungary),[9] were published in German in 1953, followed by an English translation three years later.



匈牙利的反猶太主義
曠日持久的訴訟程序,加大了社會處理匈牙利猶太人在二戰期間所犯罪行的難度,包括兩次大戰期間的反猶主義。例如霍爾蒂(Miklós Horthy)是兩次大戰期間匈牙利的國家首腦,也是臭名昭著的反猶主義者,他在19445月到6月之間,將40多萬猶太人運往奧斯威辛的主謀之一,但他在匈牙利卻被恢復了名譽,多處立有霍爾蒂的塑像和紀念碑。
匈牙利國會議長克韋爾(László Kövér)則在20125月出席詩人尼爾洛(József Nyírö)的紀念儀式。尼爾洛曾是40年代匈牙利納粹黨箭十字黨主要的文化思想家,以色列因此將克韋爾列為不受歡迎人物。(節錄自德國之聲中文網2013/8/13報導)
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