2016年12月14日 星期三

Elon Musk, Horthy Miklós, Willy Brandt 1913-1992

Elon Musk, Uber's Kalanick join Trump's business adviser team

www.usatoday.com/story/tech/news/2016/12/14/...trumps...adviser.../95416356/
4 hours ago - Tesla CEO Elon Musk and Uber CEO Travis Kalanick will join President-elect DonaldTrump's Strategic and Policy Forum, giving the tech ...


A blend of financial laboratory, corporate labyrinth and buttock-clenching thrill ride, Musk Inc has pushed the boundary of what was thought possible


2014年 06月 13日 08:38

特斯拉稱將開放專利技術
Getty Images
2013年8月,加州費利蒙,一名男子在特斯拉工廠外準備將他的特斯拉S連上充電樁。

斯拉汽車(Tesla Motors Inc.)周四在博客上稱,該公司將開放專利技術,不會向使用其專利技術的公司提出侵權訴訟。

該公司首席執行長馬斯克(Elon Musk)在博客上寫道,以往特斯拉帕洛阿爾托總部大廳內有一堵專利牆。如今不再是這樣了。特斯拉本著開源精神,為推動電動車技術拆掉了這堵牆。

馬斯克在博客上稱,競爭并非來自其他電動汽車制造商,而是來自燃油汽車制造商。

他說,相信特斯拉、其他電動車制造商以及全世界都將受益于這個共享的、快速更新的技術平台。

Mike Ramsey

Elon Musk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elon_Musk
Elon Musk is an American business magnate, investor, and inventor. He is currently the CEO & CTO of SpaceX and CEO & Chief Product Architect of Tesla ...

News for elon musk


  1. Raw Story ‎- 1 day ago
    The California-based SpaceX is owned by PayPal co-founder Elon Musk, and Blue Origin is a venture of Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos.

觀點Opinion

老鷹的高度,螞蟻的深度

一三年近尾聲,又是一個盤點的季節:今年,做了什麼不一樣的事?
太多的企業說自己正在創新,太多的領導者宣示「不創新就淘汰」,然而,創新,是多麼難的一件事,百中取一的成功率,就稱得上傑出。如果低估其難度,那麼,極可能因害怕失敗,或給出極不相稱的資源,而變成一場場「家家酒格局」的創新。
這一期,我們要跟大家分享一個人物:Elon Musk(馬斯克)。
Google創辦人佩吉(Larry Page)這麼描述他:「我有多少資產呢(約合新台幣七千四百億元)?如果我今天被巴士撞死,我應該把這一切都留給Elon。」
馬斯克,才四十二歲,卻正計畫著讓人類移民火星,讓汽油車從馬路上消失,讓太陽成為能源的主要來源……。太空、網路、乾淨能源,每一個夢都極其巨大,但短短十四年內:全球第一家成功發射火箭的私人企業、全球第一家量產純電動車的公司、全球服務範圍最廣的網購第三方支付平台、全美最大住宅型太陽能安裝廠,所有不可能的夢想,在他身上,竟然陸續變成可能。
如果說,一九九年代,比爾蓋茲改寫了電腦史;二○○○年代,賈伯斯改變了人們的溝通模式;那麼,二年代,馬斯克將是你最需要認識的世紀夢想家。
即便身價達二千三百億元,但馬斯克說:「證明一件事很酷,遠比賺錢更重要!」在人們逐漸失去作夢的勇氣時,我們選擇了馬斯克為今年的《商業周刊》年度人物。
然而,偉大的夢想要實現,光憑熱情是不夠的,還得擁有高超的執行力,就像一台夢想轉換機般,經過一套高明而縝密的執行步驟,讓夢想成真。
馬斯克之所以不同凡響,正因為他身上擁有這兩種衝突的特質:夢想如老鷹的高度,執行力卻有螞蟻的深度。有人形容,他是一個「醒著作夢」的人;因為晚上作夢的人一覺醒來,面對的是一場虛幻;但醒著作夢的人,卻會付諸行動,讓自己的夢想變成現實。
一三年底,與您分享,馬斯克狂想曲,一個集天才、科學家、富豪、商人於一身的人。


今年你一定要認識Elon Musk
他,更勝賈伯斯
全球最大純電動車廠老闆馬斯克,一個啟動網路付款時代、讓開車不必再加油,還想幫人類移民火星的人;他,被電影《鋼鐵人》用來塑造主角性格,也是全球矚目,最可能超越賈伯斯的狂想家。42歲就身價2,310億元,他說:「證明一件事很酷,比賺錢更重要。」
http://ibw.bwnet.com.tw/image/pool/2013/12/d451e81a3897cb10f2dbc38094823b98.jpg

0.025% 
這個小數點後四碼才出現的微小數字,毫不起眼,但它卻藏著一個掀起世界改變的想像空間。 
這個數字,是《商業周刊》所選出的2013年年度人物,特斯拉(Tesla)執行長伊隆.馬斯克(Elon Musk),所創造的特斯拉電動車,在全球車市的市占率。 
你沒看錯,只有10萬分之25 
他會入選的原因,不只是今年來,特斯拉股價一度大漲超過470,帶動台灣汽車相關類股大漲,更是因為他向世界證明了一個夢想成真的真實奇蹟:不加一滴油的純電動車,真的能夠上路,而且還能夠獲利。 
2013年即將過去,全球經濟仍未見復甦,他卻能在這樣的不景氣下,對百年的汽車工業,帶來一場現在進行式的革命巨變,因而被公認為「下一個賈伯斯」,入選今年《時代》(Time)百大影響人物榜,登上《財星》(Fortune2013年度商界人物的榜首,是最有影響力的夢想家。 
201110月,蘋果創辦人賈伯斯過世後,全世界的人都在討論,誰會是下一個賈伯斯?「馬斯克的名字,從這個時候開始,總是被提到。」矽谷創投「創業家基金」(Founders Fund)投資總監諾藍(Scott Nolan)接受《商業周刊》訪問時說。 
賈伯斯的夢想,讓全世界有近6億人為之癡狂,還被美國總統歐巴馬譽為「美國最偉大創新者」,馬斯克不僅被公認是最有可能超越賈伯斯的人,德國投資銀行貝倫堡(Berenberg)更建議蘋果執行長庫克(Tim Cook)應該購併特斯拉,尋求新生命力,因為馬斯克對產品的創新力,是最像賈伯斯的人。 
為了尋求這個解答,《商業周刊》採訪團隊從台北飛抵美國矽谷佛里曼市(Fremont),進入這座馬斯克實現夢想的大本營──特斯拉電動車總部。
本世紀最瘋狂夢想家 改變4大領域
這台最夯的電動車 關鍵零件來自台灣
  





Willy Brandt (German pronunciation: [ˈvɪli ˈbʁant]; born Herbert Frahm; 18 December 1913 – 8 October 1992) was a German statesman and politician, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, or SPD) from 1964 to 1987 and chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1969 to 1974. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971 for his efforts to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and the countries of the Soviet bloc. He was the first Social Democrat chancellor since 1930.
Though controversial in West Germany, Brandt's policy of Ostpolitik can be considered his most significant legacy and it aimed at improving relations with East GermanyPoland, and the Soviet Union. Of similar importance, the Brandt Report became a recognised measure for describing the general North-South divide in world economics and politics between an affluent North and a poor South.
Brandt resigned as Chancellor in 1974, after Günter Guillaume, one of his closest aides, was exposed as an agent of the Stasi, the East German secret service.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willy_Brandt

People

Germany marks Willy Brandt's 100th birthday with tribute

German and international figures have marked what would have been the 100th birthday of Willy Brandt, the first Social Democratic Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Willy Brandt 100. Geburtstag Lübeck 11.12.2013
Some 1,500 guests gathered Wednesday in the northern city of Lübeck to honor and remember the life of former Chancellor Willy Brandt just one week shy of what would have been his 100th birthday.
In the Music and Congress Hall in Lübeck, German President Joachim Gauck said that even more than 20 years after his death the political values ​​of Brandt are still felt. "Willy Brandt is still present - with everything that he embodied: his love of freedom, and his quest for peace and justice."
Gauck's Austrian counterpart Heinz Fischer, who was invited as a guest speaker, praised Brandt saying, "He had good friends, enthusiastic supporters and bitter enemies. But history has decided in his favor. Today we know that Germany and Europe were lucky to have Willy Brandt," Fischer said.
Born in Lübeck on December 18, 1913, Brandt was one of the greatest European statesmen of the 20th Century. In 1933, Brandt fled Germany for Norway to escape Nazi persecution.
After World War II, Brandt helped rebuild West Germany's Social Democratic Party (SPD) and in 1969 he was elected as the first Social Democratic Chancellor since 1930.
He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971 for his efforts to achieve reconciliation between West Germany and the countries of the Soviet Bloc. Brandt died in 1992 in Unkel near Bonn.
hc/lw (dpa, epd)



Elon Musk (/ˈlɒn ˈmʌsk/; born 28 June 1971) is a South African-born American business magnate, investor, and inventor.[2] He is best known for founding SpaceX and for co-founding Tesla Motors and PayPal (originally X.com). At SpaceX he is the CEO and Chief Designer and at Tesla Motors he is Chairman, CEO and Product Architect. Musk is also Chairman of SolarCity.








California is home to many clever people. One of them is Elon Musk, the hyperactive boss of Tesla Motors, an electric-car company, and SpaceX, a rocketry business. There is nothing Mr Musk likes more than revolutionising high-tech industries. And he thinks he has come up with a better way to get California moving than a standard high-speed train http://econ.st/13oc8Qj


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elon_Musk

hyperloop

On August 12, 2013, Musk unveiled a proposal for a new form of transportation between Los Angeles and San Francisco, after being disappointed with the approved California High-Speed Rail system. He named it "hyperloop", a subsonic air travel machine that stretches approximately 350 miles (560 km) from Los Angeles to San Francisco and will allow commuters to travel between the cities in 30 minutes or less, providing a shorter traveling time than even a commercial airplane can currently provide.[40] The idea is similar to the tubes used to ship mail or packages between buildings.[41]





維基百科,自由的百科全書
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霍爾蒂·米克洛什
霍爾蒂·米克洛什匈牙利語Horthy Miklós德语Nikolaus von Horthy und Nagybánya,1868年6月18日-1957年2月9日),匈牙利的軍人與政治人物。

生平

霍爾蒂出身地主家庭,並且參與奧匈帝國海軍,在第一次世界大戰期間由於擊潰義大利亞得里亞海的海軍而馳名。1918年霍爾蒂以海軍少將名義轉任海軍艦隊司令官,直到第一次世界大戰的結束為止。
1919年匈牙利成立以貝拉·庫恩為首的匈牙利蘇維埃共和國,許多不滿匈牙利蘇維埃共和國的民眾便支持霍爾蒂與其軍隊,而霍爾蒂在顛覆了匈牙利蘇維埃共和國之後便掌握政權,成立匈牙利王國並出任王國攝政(國王之位空缺),建立軍事獨裁體制。
第二次世界大戰爆發後,霍爾蒂為了佔領捷克斯洛伐克以及羅馬尼亞兩國匈牙利人的居住地區而與希特勒結盟,而匈牙利也擴大了領土;但是1944年霍爾蒂有意退出戰爭並與德國斷交之時,便被德軍挾持至德國,德國方面並扶植了以箭十字黨為首的政權。戰後霍爾蒂被南斯拉夫戰爭罪要求引渡,但是被聯合國阻止。
1945年蘇聯紅軍佔領匈牙利後,霍爾蒂便流亡葡萄牙,到1957年過世時都未能再踏上匈牙利國土。直到匈牙利民主化之後,霍爾蒂的遺骸才於1993年歸葬匈牙利故鄉。

英文版有極詳細的生平介紹English
Miklós Horthy
Horthy the regent.jpg
Regent of Hungary
In office
1 March 1920 – 15 October 1944
Prime Minister Károly Huszár
S. Simonyi-Semadam
Pál Teleki
István Bethlen
Gyula Károlyi
Gyula Gömbös
Kálmán Darányi
Béla Imrédy
Pál Teleki
F. Keresztes-Fischer (acting)
László Bárdossy
F. Keresztes-Fischer (acting)
Miklós Kállay
Döme Sztójay
Géza Lakatos
Preceded by Károly Huszár (acting)
Succeeded by Ferenc Szálasia
Personal details
Born Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya
18 June 1868
Kenderes, Austria-Hungary
Died 9 February 1957 (aged 88)
Estoril, Portugal
Political party None
Spouse(s) M. Purgly de Jószáshely
Children 4
Religion Calvinism

a. As "Leader of the Nation".

  1. Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya (Hungarian: Vitéz[1] nagybányai Horthy Miklós; Hungarian pronunciation: [viteːz nɒɟbaːɲɒi horti mikloːʃ]; German: Nikolaus von Horthy und Nagybánya; 18 June 1868 – 9 February 1957) was regent of the Kingdom of Hungary during the years between World Wars I and II and throughout most of World War II, serving from 1 March 1920 to 15 October 1944. He was styled "His Serene Highness the Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary" (Hungarian: Ő Főméltósága a Magyar Királyság Kormányzója). A self-proclaimed anti-Semite[2][3] with a strong contempt for Bolshevism,[4] he was at the center of Hungary's rise of fascism[5] and involvement in the Holocaust.[6][7][8]

Horthy started his career as an officer in the Austro-Hungarian Navy, ultimately rising to the rank of Admiral. He served in the Otranto Raid and at the Battle of the Strait of Otranto (1917) and was its commander-in-chief in the last year of the First World War.
After Hungarian communists under Béla Kun seized power in Hungary in 1919, proclaiming the Hungarian Soviet Republic and commencing Hungary's Red Terror, a counterrevolutionary government was formed which asked Horthy to take command of its forces. In 1919, Romanian, Czechoslovakian and Yugoslavian forces invaded Hungary and later the Romanian army overthrew Kun's government. He allowed Hungary's White Terror to persist at first but eventually shut it down and imprisoned a few extremists among the anti-communists. When the Romanians evacuated Budapest in November 1919, Horthy entered at the head of the National Army.
The Hungarian Communist Party was banned, and in 1920 Horthy was declared Regent and Head of State, a position he held until his deposition in October 1944. Horthy refused to step down when the former King of Hungary, Charles IV attempted to regain his throne on two occasions. Later in 1921, the Hungarian parliament formally nullified the Pragmatic Sanction, an act that effectively dethroned the Habsburgs.
A conservative who was distinctly inclined toward the right of the political spectrum, Horthy guided Hungary through the years between the two world wars and, in exchange for the restoration of some of the Hungarian territories lost by the Treaty of Trianon, he took Hungary into an alliance with Nazi Germany.
In April 1941, Hungary entered World War II as an ally of Germany. Horthy's faltering allegiance to his German patrons, however, eventually led the Nazis to invade and take control of the country in March 1944. In October 1944, Horthy announced that Hungary would surrender and withdraw from the Axis. He was forced to resign, placed under arrest and taken to Bavaria. At the end of the war, he came under the custody of American troops.
After appearing as a witness at the Nuremberg war-crimes trials in 1948, Horthy settled and lived out his remaining years in Portugal. His memoirs, Ein Leben für Ungarn (A Life for Hungary),[9] were published in German in 1953, followed by an English translation three years later.



匈牙利的反猶太主義
曠日持久的訴訟程序,加大了社會處理匈牙利猶太人在二戰期間所犯罪行的難度,包括兩次大戰期間的反猶主義。例如霍爾蒂(Miklós Horthy)是兩次大戰期間匈牙利的國家首腦,也是臭名昭著的反猶主義者,他在19445月到6月之間,將40多萬猶太人運往奧斯威辛的主謀之一,但他在匈牙利卻被恢復了名譽,多處立有霍爾蒂的塑像和紀念碑。
匈牙利國會議長克韋爾(László Kövér)則在20125月出席詩人尼爾洛(József Nyírö)的紀念儀式。尼爾洛曾是40年代匈牙利納粹黨箭十字黨主要的文化思想家,以色列因此將克韋爾列為不受歡迎人物。(節錄自德國之聲中文網2013/8/13報導)
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